Effects of replacing corn grain by reconstituted or un-reconstituted sorghum grain on carcass characteristics of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

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Effects of replacing corn grain by reconstituted or un-reconstituted sorghum grain on carcass characteristics of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Fayyaz Emami, Naser Maheri-Sis, Abolfazl Ghorbani, Tohid Vahdatpour
Int. J. Biosci.2( 12), 90-96, December 2012.
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Abstract

The study was performed to evaluate the effects of replacing untreated or reconstituted sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor L.) in place of corn grain on carcass characteristics of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Sorghum grains reconstituted by adding water to whole grain to raise the moisture level to about 30%, followed by anaerobic storage in sealed plastic buckets for 21 days at room temperature. Subsequently, the grains were sun-dried, and then ground for use in diets of Japanese quails. A total of 700 one-day old unsexed quail chicks were fed same diet for 20 day in cage system. After 20 days the quails were sexed based on their breast feather color and 300 male chicks reared for 21 day experimental period. The statistical arrangement of the study was done as completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatment and 4 replicates contain 15 birds in each treatments. Experimental treatments were as: A) diet contains corn grain and without sorghum grain (control group); B) replacing 50% reconstituted sorghum grain in place of corn grain; C) replacing 50% untreated sorghum grain in place of corn grain; D) replacing 100% reconstituted sorghum grain in place of corn grain and E) replacing 100% untreated sorghum grain in place of corn grain. At 42 days of age, 8 birds from each treatment (2 birds per replicate) were killed by cervical dislocation for carcass measurements and organ weights. Results showed that there is no significant difference between treatments and reconstitution could not improve the carcass yield and carcass components as well as edible internal organs of Japanese quails. Finally, it can be concluded that replacing 50% or even 100% sorghum grain in place of corn grain have not adverse effect on carcass characteristics of Japanese quails.

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