Effects of siltation on water quality, community structure and diversity of mangrove species of a mining operation in Hinatuan Island, Taganaan, Surigao del Norte, Philippines

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Research Paper 18/08/2022
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Effects of siltation on water quality, community structure and diversity of mangrove species of a mining operation in Hinatuan Island, Taganaan, Surigao del Norte, Philippines

Ruben F. Amparado Jr., Rowena C. Benavides, Judelyn L. Patero, Manuel Anthony P. Jondonero, Jezarie C. Canicon, Psyche Karren Ann O. Jondonero
J. Bio. Env. Sci.21( 2), 132-147, August 2022.
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Abstract

Mangroves are important ecosystems that provide protection of the coastal areas by trapping sediments from inland activities, particularly mining. However, they are facing various challenges from anthropogenic activities resulting in sedimentation and siltation. This study aimed to demonstrate the extent of siltation through visual satellite imageries, compare the water physico-chemical characteristics, and diversity of two mangrove stands situated in Hinatuan Island (adjacent to a mining site) and Barangay Cagutsan (distant from the mining site) of Surigao del Norte, respectively. Satellite images were generated to show the extent of siltation and inventory of mangrove species was done using a strip split-plot design. The established landward and seaward zones of each site showed no significant difference (p>0.05) in the mean water physico-chemical measurements, abundance and the diversity indices. However, significant differences were observed in the mean water physico-chemical parameters (temperature, surface water pH, dissolved oxygen and salinity) between sites (p<0.05) except for total suspended solids and total dissolved solids (p>0.05). A total of six (6) true mangrove species namely, Avicennia rumphiana, Sonneratia alba, Aegiceras corniculatum, Bruguiera cylindrica, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata were found, with Rhizophora apiculata as the most abundant and Avicennia rumphiana categorized as vulnerable. The diversity indexes of the two mangrove stands, which are namely; H’=0.83 and H’=0.62 in Barangay Cagutsan and HInatuan Island, respectively are not significantly different from each other (p>0.05). In this study, mangrove stand density, and the length of mangrove forest cover needs to be increased to further serve its purpose to trapped sediments from inland sources.

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