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Research Paper | February 10, 2022

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Effects of Trichoderma asperellum and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on Dombeya torrida growth and biocontrol against Armillaria species

Alex Machio Kange, Philip Cheruiyot Sitienei

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Int. J. Micro. Myco.14(2), 1-11, February 2022

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Abstract

Armillaria root rot disease caused by Armillaria species is one the most widespread and important disease of many forest trees. An interaction between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and Trichoderma asperellum have beneficial effects on plant growth as well as to the host plants and may affect plant resistance. The objective of this study was to determine the ability of T. asperellum to promote plant growth and reduce Armillaria root rot disease in green house condition. Armillaria species was isolated from a severely infected Dombeya torrida plant and cultured on malt extract agar. Each plant was inoculated by placing four mycelial agar plugs cut-out from a 14-days old Armilllaria species after every one month of plant growth. The inoculations of T. asperellum were done at 0 day of the experiment then repeated at an interval of 30 days up to the 150 days while AMF was inoculated once at the onset of the experiment. Plants that were co-inoculated with T. asperellum and AMF exhibited the highest fresh weights and plant height. The presence of T. asperellum increased AMF root colonization compared to plants inoculated with the AMF. The fungal interaction revealed a negative interference between AMF and T. asperellum on root colonization of D. torrida seedlings. This demonstrated that inoculation of AMF and T. asperellum either individually or in combination enhanced plant growth response of D. torrida seedlings.

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Effects of Trichoderma asperellum and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on Dombeya torrida growth and biocontrol against Armillaria species

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