Efficacy assessment of two biopesticides in control of Aphis gossypii Glover damaging cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in Benin

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Research Paper 01/06/2021
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Efficacy assessment of two biopesticides in control of Aphis gossypii Glover damaging cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in Benin

Koffi David Montcho Hambada, Hermann Cyr Toni, Wassiou Aliou, Thierry Hodéhou, Roland Bocco, Clément Agbangla
Int. J. Biosci.18( 6), 157-165, June 2021.
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The production of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is hampered by several constraints that include pest attacks which negatively affect its production in quantity and quality. Our study aimed to promote the use of biopesticides to control the attack of Aphis gossypii Glover through an assessment of the efficacy of two biopesticides on the infestation and yield components in Benin. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Two varieties of cucumber (Nandini 732F1 and Poinsett+) were grown and submitted to three treatments: (i) Control: no pesticide was sprayed, (ii) Neem: plants were sprayed with 2 L/ha of neem oil at seven day interval sand (iii) CNSL: plants were sprayed with 2 L/ha of CNSL as prior. Data recorded were the number of infested leaves and female flowers, leaf infestation rate, weight, length and median diameter of fruits, and the yield. Results showed that the CNSL treatment was more effective than that of neem oil on leaves and flowers.The yield lost due to the insect were 59.12% and 62.41% for Nandini 732F1 and Poinsett+, respectively. Farmers could valorise the cashew shell considered as agricultural waste to produce the CNSL against A. gossypii.


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