Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Efficacy of Inula viscosa extracts on seed germination and fungal infection of three varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Research Paper | October 1, 2018

| Download 8

Boungab Karima, Djadouni Fatima, Righi Assia Fatiha, Tadjeddine Aicha, Righi Kada

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.13( 4), 36-45, October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.4.36-45


IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


The aim of the present investigation was to look for bioactive substances which may decrease the use of chemical pesticides to control seed borne fungi and thus protect the environment from an excessive chemicalization. In this study three concentrations (500, 1000 and 1500 ppm) of Inula viscosa extracts were tested for their efficacy in controlling seed-borne fungi associated with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under laboratory conditions. Obtained results revealed that both extracts (methanolic and aqueous) were active in reducing seed-borne infection in a concentration dependent manner. Seed treatment with 1500ppm of methanolic extract was the most effective, where it caused a highly inhibition of fungal seeds infection (69.25 to 83.86%). The plant extracts tested have also positive and a significant impact on seed germination in comparing with the untreated seed. The easy seed treatment process and the accessibility of the plant used in the present study could lead to high adoption of the use of the plant extracts as seed treatments to prevent bio deterioration of seeds in an eco-friendly way.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Efficacy of Inula viscosa extracts on seed germination and fungal infection of three varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Akram S, Safeer M, Zaheer MS, Iqbal R. 2017. Effect of aqueous extracts of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis L.) on germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Biosciences 11(5), 286-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.5.286-293

Athukoralage PS, Herath HMTB, Deraniyagala SA, Wijesundera RLC, Woeerasinghe PA. 2001. Antifungal constituent from Gordonia dassanayakei, Fitoterapia 72, 565-567.

Awad Z, Baka M. 2014. Plant extract control of the fungi associated with different Egyptian wheat cultivars grains. Journal of Plant Protection Research 54(3), 231- 237.

Bagga PS, Sharma VK. 2006. Evaluation of fungicides as seedling treatment for controlling bakanae/footrot (Fusarium moniliforme) disease in basmati rice. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 59, 305–308.

Boungab K, Belabid L, Fortas Z, Bayaa B. 2012. Pathotype diversity among Algerian isolates of Pyrenophora teres f. teres. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 51(3), 577−586. http://dx.doi.org/10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-10561

Boungab K, Tadjeddine A, Belabid L, Fortas Z, Bassam B. 2015. Exploitation of some plant extracts for ecofriendly management of Net Blotch of Barley. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 7(2), 732-739.

Braun HJ, Atlin G, Payne T. 2010. Multi-location testing as a tool to identify plant response to global climate change. In: Reynolds CRP(ed) Climate change and crop production, CABI, London, UK.

Cafarchia C, De Laurentis N, Milillo MA, Losacco V, Puccini V. 2002. Antifungal activity of essential oils from leaves and flowers of Inula viscosa (Asteraceae) by Apulian region. Parassitologia 44, 153–156.

Chandler J. 2005. Cost reduction in SIT programmes using exosect auto-dissemination as part of area wide integrated pest management. International Journal of Pest Control 42(2), 257–260.

Hasan MM, Chowdhury SP, Shahidul A, Hossain B, Alam MS. 2005. Antifungal effects of plant extracts on seed-borne fungi of wheat seed regarding seed germination. Seedling health and vigor index. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences  8, 1284–1289. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2005.1284.1289

Karim M. 2005. Prevalence of fungi associated with seeds of some minor cereals. An M.S. Thesis. Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. p. 97.

Kavitha HU, Satish S. 2011. Eco-friendly management of palnt pathogens by some medicinal plant extracts. Journal of Agricultural Technology 7(2), 449-461.

Koirala P, Kumar S, Yadar BK, Premarajan KC. 2005. Occurrence of aflatoxin in some of the food and feed in Nepal. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 59(8), 331–336.

Kumari  DS, Saxena N. 2017. Seed Borne Mycoflora of Macrotyloma uniflorum L (Horse gram).  International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(1), 373-378. http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.045

Mahmoudi H, Hosni K, Zaouali W, Amri, I, Zargouni H, Hamida, NB, Kaddour R, Hamrouni L, Nasri MB, Ouerghi Z. 2015. Comprehensive Phytochemical Analysis, Antioxidant and Antifungal Activities of Inula viscosa Aiton Leaves. Journal of Food Safety 36, 77–88. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfs.12215

Mathre DE. 1997. Compendium of barley diseases. American Phytopathological Society. 120 p.

Niaz I, Dawar S. 2009. Detection of seed borne mycoflora in maize (Zea mays L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 443-451.

Oueslati SRomero-González RLasram S, Frenich AGVidal JL. 2012. Multi-mycotoxin determination in cereals and derived products marketed in Tunisia using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. Food and Chemical Toxicology 50(7), 2376–2381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2012.04.036

Özer N. 2005. Determination of the fungi responsible for black point in bread wheat and effects of the diseases on emergence and seedling vigour. Trakya University Journal of Science 6(1), 35–40.

Perelló A, Gruhlke M, Slusarenko AJ. 2013.  Effect of garlic extract on seed germination, seedling health, and vigour of pathogen-infested wheat. Journal of Plant Protection Research 53(4), 317- 323. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jppr-2013-0048

Prashith Kekuda TR, Akarsh S, Noor Nawaz AS, Ranjitha MC, Darshini SM Vidya P. 2016. In vitro Antifungal Activity of Some Plants Against Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoem. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 5(6), 331-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.506.037

Rahman A, Tahira R, Ullah L, Ahmed I, Abbas A, Hussain B, Younis AM, Arif U, Zakir M Hussan A.  2015. Screening of wheat germplasm for seed associated fungi in geographical areas of Pakistan. International Journal of Biosciences 7(6), 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/7.6.1-16

Rajput MA, Pathan MA, Lodhi AM, Shah GS, Khanzada KA. 2005. Studies on seed-borne fungi of wheat in Sindh province and their effect on seed germination. Pakistan Journal of Botany 37(1), 181-185.

Rhimi W, Ben Salem I, Immediato D, Saidi M, Boulila A, Cafarchia C. 2017. Chemical Composition, Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Crude Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter Leaf Extracts. Molecules 22(7), 942. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules22070942.

Riba A, Mokrane S, Mathieu F, Lebrihi A, Sabaou N, 2008. Mycoflora and ochratoxin A producing strains of Aspergillus in Algerian wheat. International Journal of Food Microbiology 122, 85–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2007.11.057

Riba A, Bouras N, Mokrane S, Mathieu F, Lebrihi A, Sabaou N. 2010. Aspergillus section Flavi and aflatoxins in Algerian wheat and derived products. Food and Chemical Toxicology 48, 2772-2777. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.FCT.2010.07.005

Righi AF, Righi K, Khelil A, Villar JP. 2014. Biological control against the cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus chinensis L., Coleoptera: Bruchidae) using essential oils of some medicinal plants. Journal of Plant Protection Research 54(3), 211–217. https://doi.org/10.2478/jppr-2014-0032

Sas-Piotrowska B, Piotrowski W. 2010. Vitality and healthiness of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seeds treated with plant extracts. Journal of Plant Protection Research 50(1), 117-124. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10045-010-0020-6

Satish S, Raghavendra MP, Raveesha KA. 2010. Management of seed borne fungal pathogens of sorghum seeds by aqueous extract of Lawsonia inermis L. Journal of Biopesticides 3(1), 237–241.

Shafique S, Javaid A, Bajwa R, Shafique S. 2007. Effect of aqueous leaf extracts of allopathic trees on germination of seed-borne mycoflora of wheat. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39(7), 2619–2624.

Van Du P, Loran LC, Cuong ND, Nghip HV, Thach ND. 2001. Survey on seed borne fungi and its effects on grain quality of common rice cultivars in the Mekong Delta. Omonrice 9, 107-113.

Wang WQ, Ben-Daniel BH, Cohen Y. 2004. Control of plant diseases by extracts of Inula viscosa. Phytopathology 94, 1042–1047. http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.10.1042.