Efficiency of Chromolaena odorata and Pteridium Aquilinum extracts on Spodoptera Frugiperda (Lepidoptera: NoctuideA) of maize (Zea Mays) During the two planting date in Highland zone of Cameroon

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2022
Views (439) Download (48)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Efficiency of Chromolaena odorata and Pteridium Aquilinum extracts on Spodoptera Frugiperda (Lepidoptera: NoctuideA) of maize (Zea Mays) During the two planting date in Highland zone of Cameroon

E.S Djomaha, E.H. Pokam Wappi
Int. J. Biosci.20( 5), 130-142, May 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A study was conducted from December 2020 to July 2021 in the application and research farm of the University of Dschang to test the efficiency of two botanical insecticide extracts on FAW (Fall Army Worm). The randomized complete block design with three replications and two maize varieties Panar 53 (white) and Panar 12 (yellow), was used. The treatments (control; Emamectin benzoate 10g / sprayer; 1.5l Chromolaena odorata / sprayer; 1l C. odorata / sprayer; 1.5l Pteridium aquilinum/sprayer) were tested.  FAW and other pests encountered were counted weekly until flowering. FAW has been present as well as grasshoppers and leafhoppers and the natural enemies of FAW (ants, spider and ladybug). Leafhoppers transmit viruses to maize in the dry season. The dry season registered the highest average leaf infestation rate (24.39±0.55%) than the rainy season (2.10±0.20%) only on yellow maize. Caterpillars were observed more during the dry season than the rainy season. The peak of FAW infestation reached on the 34th day after planting in both seasons. The control plots were most infested (0.46±0.07; 37.48±1.47%) than the treated one. Chromolaena 1l and Pteridium 1.5l plots were less infested with the lowest FAW (0.34±0.15; 0.15±0.09) and lowest average leaf infestation (18.26±1.02%; 22.63±1.13%). The yields obtained in the rainy season (5.58±0.18t/ha) were higher than in the dry season (4.34±0.20t/ha) on Pannar 12. Chromolaena 1l and Pteridium presented the best yields compared to control in both seasons. In summary, Chromolaena 1l and Pteridium are botanical insecticides substitutes for Emamectin benzoate during the high FAW infestations.

VIEWS 72

Abrahams P, Beale T, Cock M, Corniani N, Day R. 2017. Fall armyworm status: Impacts and control options in Africa: Preliminary Evidence Note (18).

Acero L. 2014. Dried Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) as rice weevils (Sitophilus oryza) eradicant. International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications 5(5), 363–366.

Atlas. 2020. Principaux pays producteurs de maïs au monde.

Autfray P. 2013. Effets de litières sur l’offre en azote d’origine organique dans des systèmes de culture de maïs à couvertures végétales études de cas dans la zone à foret semi-décidue de Cote d’Ivoire.

Birhanu S, Tadele T, Mulatu W, Gashawbeza A, Esayas M. 2019. The Efficacy of Selected Synthetic Insecticides and Botanicals against fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, in Maize. Journal of Insects. http://www.doi:10.3390/insects10020045.

Bertrand B. 2003. Purin d’ortie et compagnie: Les Plantes au secours des plantes. Collection Jardinier Nature. p 128.

Bikitig PO. 2020. Effet des biopesticides et d’un piège à phéromone sur la chenille légionnaire (Spodoptera frugiperda) du maïs dans la région de l’Ouest-Cameroun. Mémoire ingénieur agronome. Université de Dschang.

Christine,J, Boisclair J. 2009. Les insectes nuisibles et utiles du mais sucré : mieux les connaître. IRDA. p 92.

Day RPA, Bateman M, Beale T, Clottey V, Cock M, Colmenarez Y, Corniani N, Early R, Godwin J, Gomez J, Moreno PG, Murphy ST, Oppong-Mensah B, Phiri N, Pratt C, Silvestri S, Witt A. 2017. Fall armyworm: impacts and implications for Africa.Outlooks Pest Management 28, 196-201.

Elvira S. de lange. 2013. Tritrophic interactions on cultivated maize and its wild ancestor, teosinte. Ph.D thesis. University of Neuchatel, Switzerland.215p.

FAO. 2014. Produire plus avec moins en pratique le maïs le riz le blé.

FAO. 2019. production du maïs.

Fenwick GR. 1988. Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum)-toxic effects and toxic constituents. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 46, 147–173.

Fongang G, pompidou Foulefack D, Ngon Pissie E. 2016. Engagements contractuels et performances des organisations de producteurs de maïs à l’ouest Cameroun. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 10(2), 793–807.

Fontaine R, clain C, Franck A. 2018. Spodoptera frugiperda la chenille légionnaire d’automne. CIRAD, 1-4.

Goergen G, Lava Kumar P, Sagnia B Sankung, Abou Togola, Manuele Tamò. 2016. First Report of Outbreaks of the Fall Armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a New Alien Invasive. Pest in West and Central Africa. /journal.pone 11(10). http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0165632.

Guitierrez G, escudero sanchez, dominguez P, carballo C, bergvinson D. 2010. effecto del nim en el danoocasionada por el gusano cogollero spodoptera frugiperda (smith) (lépidoptera : Noctuidae) en tres variables agronomicas de maiz resistente y susceptible. Acta Zoológica Mexicana 26, 1–16.

Gutiérrez-Moreno R, Mota-Sanchez D, Blanco CA, Whalon ME, Terán-Santofimio H. 2018. Field-Evolved Resistance of the Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) to Synthetic Insecticides in Puerto Rico and Mexico. Journal of Economic Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy372.

Man N. 2013. Phytochemical analysis of leaves of Chromolaena odorata. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication 3(1) ,1–2.

Maybelline ETH, Abdou M. 2012. Production et transformation du maïs.

Mugisha-Kamatenesi MA, Deng L, Ogendo JO, Omolo EO, Mihale MJ, Otim M, Buyungo JP, Bett PK. 2008. Indigenous knowledge of field insect pests and their management around lake Victoria basin in Uganda. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 2(8), 342-348.

Ngamo, tinkeu L, Hance T. 2007. Diversité des ravageurs des denrées stockées et methodes alternatives de lutte en milieu tropical. Tropicultura 4(25), 215–220.

PIDMA. 2014. Guide de gestion des nuisibles du maïs à l’usage des coopérateurs.

Plessis HD, Schlemmer M, Van den berg J. 2020. The effect of temperature on the development of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Insects 11.

Prasanna BM, Huesing JE, Eddy R, Peschke VM. 2018. La chenille légionnaire d’automne en Afrique : Un guide pour une lutte intégrée contre le ravageur.

Sisay B, Simiyu J, Malusi P, Likhayo P, Mendesil E. 2018. First report of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), natural enemies from Africa.  Journal of Applied Entomology 142, 800–804. https://doi.org/10.1111/jen.12534.

Tindo M, Tagne A, Mpe J, Ayodele MM. 2000. Maize Diseases with emphasis to the ear rot caused by Fusarium moniliforme. PhD Thesis.Danish Institute of Seed Pathology for Developing Countries Denmark. Guide Tech. Sur Nuisibles Banane Plantain Maïs Manioc Tomate.  Bulletin de Technologies FAO , 87.

Udebuani AC, Abara PC, Obasi KO, Okuh SU. 2015. Studies on the insecticidal properties of Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae) against adult stage of Periplaneta americana. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 3(1), 318–321.

Nguimtsop YN. 2020. Évaluation de l’Éfficacité des extraits de Neem (Azadirachta indica) et de Lantana camara sur le contrôle de Spodoptera frugiperda et autres ravageurs du maïs (Zea mays) a Bankim, région de l’Adamaoua.Mémoire d’ingénieur Agronome. Université de Dschang, Cameroun.

Ogendo JO, Deng AL, Omolo EO, Matasyoh JC, Tuey RK, Khan ZR. 2013. Management of stem borers using selected botanical pesticides in a maize-bean cropping system. The Egerton Journal of Science and Technology 13, 21-38.

Stevenson PC, Dayarathna TK,  Belmain SR, Veitch NC. 2009. Bisdesmosidic Saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata Roots: Evaluation of Deterrency and Toxicity to Coleopteran Storage Pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 19(57), 8860–8867.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf901599j