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Eliciting post activation potentiation to enhance jump and sprint performance in trained athletes-systemic review and meta-analysis

Research Paper | December 6, 2022

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Shadab Uddin, Mohammed Mahdi Ali khawaji, Khaled Ali Abdu Basheri, Mohammad Ahmed Ali Zakan, Abdulaziz Abdullah Mohsen Sahli, Waseem Ahmed Mumtaz

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Int. J. Biosci.21( 6), 217-230, December 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.6.217-230


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Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is an occurrence in which muscle strength and power are acutely increased following a pre-load stimulus encouraging post-activation potentiation to improve trained athletes’ jump and sprint performance. For PAP, several explanations have been offered. Short-duration tasks that need the most strength or power performed prior to the main activity. In an effort to improve performance by inducing post-activation potentiation. Additionally, weaker and stronger people appear to have varied PAP reactions; however, it is yet unclear how these people react to the various parts of a strength-power-potentiation complex. This study’s objective was to evaluate prior research on post-activation potentiation’s effects on athletic performance and to provide coaches and sports scientists with advice on how to comprehend the function of loads properly and rest ratios in eliciting post-activation potentiation to improve trained athletes’ jump and sprint performance. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses were used to guide the conduct of this systemic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA). Databases including PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, CINAHL, and Science Direct were used to compile the studies. The last search was performed on January 31, 2022. Post-activation potentiation, jump, sprint, speed, and performance were all used in various combinations. This study’s findings indicate that post-activation potentiation has no appreciable impact on athletes’ ability to sprint and jump. It is not a given that the presence of PAP will lead to enhanced volunteer performance. Regarding the impact of PAP on jump and sprint performance, there are conflicting findings in the existing literature. The results of this meta-analysis is that heavy back squats that elicit post-activation potentiation do not significantly improve countermovement jump height or the 5- and 10-meter sprint timings.


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Eliciting post activation potentiation to enhance jump and sprint performance in trained athletes-systemic review and meta-analysis

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