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Engineering prospects for off-season fruit and vegetable production: A review

Review Paper | January 1, 2020

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Sohail Raza Haidree, Zia-Ul-Haq, Shahid Javed Butt, Talha Mehmood, Hamza Muneer Asam, Muhammad Kazim Nawaz

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 1), 375-385, January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.1.375-385


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Greenhouse is a controlled environment structure consists of roof, walls, cladding, irrigation, drainage, heating, cooling, ventilation and other controlled engineering system for off-season production of fruits and vegetables. It is clad with transparent material such as glass, fiber glass and polythene. Their size varies from small shed to vast buildings used for international business. Internal environment of greenhouse is much warmer than external as it is exposed to light and protected covering used for temperature control. For plants root support soil, substrates and water-culture may be used. However, to lengthen the growing season, increase yield and for off-season production awareness of engineering prospects required for controlled environment agriculture are vital. Lights enter in greenhouse through windows and transparent covering of glass, fiberglass, and polythene materials during day time. Water conservation, Temperature and humidity control are key factors of a greenhouse production system. Various variables are considered in planning of a reasonable greenhouse framework for creating all year vegetable production are the distance from market, roads, electricity, site area, location, structure outline, shape, geology, soil, wind velocity, rainfall, light hours and atmospheric conditions.


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Engineering prospects for off-season fruit and vegetable production: A review

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