Int. J. Biosci.15(2), 532-538, August 2019
The present study was conducted for the evaluation of forensic insect fauna on Canis domesticus carcasses at Dir Lower Pakistan. Two carcasses of C. domesticus were evaluated for this purpose in two study periods (28 May to 09 June 2017) and (31 July to 14 August 2017). In first half of the study, 7 species belonging to 5 families and 3 orders were identified including Blow flies (Chrysomya rufifacies and C. megacephala), Flesh fly (Parasarcophaga ruficornis), House fly (Musca domestica), Dune robber fly (Philonicus albiceps), Jumper ant (Myrmecia pilosula) and Trox species. In the second half of the study, 8 species belonging to 7 families and 3 orders were identified. New species in the 2nd study period that were not found in the first half of the study included Dog fly (Hippobosca longipennis), Cheese skipper (Piophila casei) and Bumble bee (Bombus lapidarius). Decomposition time of the carcasses was the two study periods 13 and 15 days respectively. A taxonomic key was devised for the identified species. Duration of the individual decomposition stages of the two carcasses was correlated with the ambient environmental conditions. This was a preliminary study on forensic insect fauna in the study area and will provide a baseline for future studies in the field of forensic entomology.
Abajue MC, Ewuim SC, Akunne CE. 2014. Preliminary checklist of flies associated with pig carrions decomposition in Okija, Anambra State, Nigeria. Animal Research International 11, 1899-904.
Ahmed A, Ahmad AH. 2009. A preliminary study on the decomposition and dipteran associated with exposed carcasses in an oil palm plantation in Bandar Baharu, Kedah, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 26, 1-10.
Carvalho CJB de, Mello-Patiu CA de. 2008. Key to the adults of the most common forensic species of Diptera in South America. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 52, 390-406.
Catts EP, Goff ML. 1992. Forensic entomology in criminal investigations. Annual Review of Entomology 37, 253-272.
Cruise A, Hatano E, Watson DW, Schal C. 2018. Comparison of Techniques for Sampling Adult Necrophilous Insects from Pig Carcasses. Journal of Medical Entomology 55, 947-954.
Dodge HR. 1953. Domestic flies: pictorial key to common species in southern US. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare. International Congress of Entomology 12-494.
Fradella HF, Owen SS, Burke TW. 2007. Building bridges between criminal justice and forensic sciences to create forensic studies programs. Journal of Criminal Justice 8, 261-282.
Greenberg B. 1991. Flies as forensic indicators. Journal of Medical Entomology 28, 565-77.
Gruner DS, Ram K, Strong DR. 2007. Soil mediates the interaction of coexisting entomopathogenic nematodes with an insect host. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 94, 12-9.
Haskell NH, Williams RE, Catts D, Adkins J, Haskell C. 2008. Entomology and Death: A procedural Guide. Clemson, Sc. East Park Printing. South Carolina, 216 p.
Khan N, Ahmad M, Wahab M, Siddiqui FM, Shaukat SS. 2011. Structure, diversity, and regeneration potential of Monotheca buxifolia (Falc.) A. DC. dominated forests of Lower Dir District, Pakistan. Frontiers of Agriculture in China 5, 106-121.
Melted. 2016. Application of entomology in forensic science. Turkish Journal of Entomology 6, 269-275.
Moretti TDC, Ribeiro OB, Thyssen PJ, Solis DR. 2008. Insects on decomposing carcasses of small rodents in a secondary forest in Southeastern Brazil. European Journal of Entomology 105, 691-696.
Payne JA. 1965. A summer carrion study of the Baby pig Sus scrofa L. Ecology 46, 592-602.
Prado E, Castro C, Arnaldos MI, García MD. 2009. Additions to the Calliphoridae (Diptera) fauna from Portugal, with description of new records. Boletín de la Asociación Española de Entomología 33, 425-37.
Setyaningrum H, Al Dhafer HM. 2014. The Calliphoridae, the blow flies (Diptera: Oestroidea) of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 7, 49-139.
Smithkg V. 1986. A manual of forensic entomology. London: Trustees of the British Museum of Natural History p. 205.
Szymon M, Bajerlein D, Konwerskic S, Szpilad K. 2009. Insect succession and carrion decomposition in selected forests of Central Europe. Part 1: Pattern and rate of decomposition. Forensic Science International 194, 85-93.
Vanin S. 2018. Forensic Entomology: an overview. Crime, Security and Society 1. http://eprints.hud. ac.uk/id/eprint/34403.
Wangko S, Kristanto EG, Kalangi SJR, Huijbregts J, Sembel DT. 2015. Insects on pig carcasses as a model for predictor of death interval in forensic medicine. Medial Journal of Indonesia 24, 70-80.
Watson EJ, Carlton CE. 2003. Spring succession of necrophilous insects on wildlife carcasses in Louisiana. Journal of Medical Entomology 40, 338-47.
Wells JW, LaMotte LR. 2001. Estimating the postmortem interval, in: Byrd JH Castner JL (Eds.) Forensic Entomology. The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations, CRC Press, Boca Rato.