J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(6), 146-152, December 2014
Groundwater is one of the main sources of drinking water and agriculture in Salmas, Agh ziyarat and Gharabagh plains. Since drinking water of Gharabagh plain supplied through two deep wells within the village, but after successive droughts in the selected area as a result of water shortages and low quality of drinking water and consumers dissatisfaction with drinking water after sampling and chemical analysis of water it is determined that concentration of Boron element is much higher than standard limit. Currently to diagnose contamination strategies to prevent environmental impacts some investigations have been conducted. From available water resources, 45 samples a few years ago and 15 samples were prepared in 2014 in order to determine boron concentration by using GIS package. According to the results of analysis and geological maps of studying area identified that origin of pollution is underground mineral water. This water after passing through layers of rock containing boron and dissolving it, some of that reached to the ground surface as hot springs enter the groundwater and contaminate Agh ziyarat and Abegarm regions, and some part transferred to the Khorkhoreh Chay and Ghapagh Tappeh villages through faults and cause pollution in groundwater of these areas. In this research, to prevent further contamination of the groundwater and environmental impacts in the area, solutions in order to reduce the contamination are recommended.
Gisbert C, Ros R, Deharo A, Walker D, Bernal M, Serrano R, Navarro J, Avino A. 2003. “Plant genetically modified that accumulates Pb is specially promising for phyto remediation. Biochemistry, Biophysics, 5, 303-440.
Kazi T, Arain M, Jamali M, Jalbani N, Afridi H, Sarfraz R, Baig J, Shah A. 2009. “Assessment of water quality of polluted lake using multivariate statistical analysis”: Journal of ecotoxicology and environmental safety 72, p.301–309.
Krishna A, Satyanar M, Govil P. 2009. “Assessment of heavy metal pollution in water using multivariate statistical analysis in an industrial area: a case study from Patancheru, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India”. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 167, p.366–373.
Mohr F. 2008. Environmental geochemistry potentially toxic metals, EPA, Kushamehr Publications, p. 9- 61.
Muhammad S, Shah M, Khan S. 2011. “Health risk assessment of heavy metals and their source apportionment in drinking water of Kohistan region, Northern Pakistan”, Microchemical Journal 98, p.334–34.
Sracek O, Kribek B, Mihaljevič M, Majer V, Veselovský F, Vencelides Z, Nyambe I. 2011. “Mining-related contamination of surface water and sediments of the Kafue River drainage system in the Copperbelt district, Zambia: an example of a high neutralization capacity system”. Journal of geochemical exploration Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th Edition, 1999.