Environmental effects of changed land use on identification of clay minerals using X-ray diffraction

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2014
Views (168) Download (8)

Environmental effects of changed land use on identification of clay minerals using X-ray diffraction

A.Gholami, A.H.Davami, A.Mojiri
J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 6), 92-95, June 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


One of the most important issues that cause the threat of renewable natural resources and ultimately humans will be destroyed pasture vegetation and the waste of fertile. The use of land according to their suitability and capability within a proper management plan can reduce the damaged soil and restoration resources. The present study of land use changes in Aghcheh Fereidan in Isfahan province with 2000 hectares. Sampling was done in 0-30 cm soil depth in four land uses as natural Rangeland, Irrigation Farming, Dry Farming and abandon Dry Farming. The kind of clay minerals was identified by X-Ray Diffraction method (XRD) and the diffractograms was interpreted. The results show existence of minerals of Vermiculite, Illite, Kaolinite, Attapolygite and quartz in the soil of the region. This result also showed a logical sequence of Mica destruction is happening. Finally, change of land use in the study area shown, operations and cultivation and the destruction of natural rangelands, physical properties, soil chemical and mineralogy influence and eventually can reduce quality and increase soil degradation and its Consequences adversely in the long term to be followed.


Ajami M. 2008. The impact of land use change and geomorphic condition of water quality parameters, micromorphological and mineralogical in Loss lands in east Golestan provience. Aghso basin. MS thesis . Gorgan University of Agricultural sciences and Natural Resources Gorgan, Iran.

Blanco M.C, Stoops G. 2007. Genesis of pedons with discontinous Argilic horizen in the Holocence loess mantle of the southern Pampen landscape, Argentina. Journal of South American Eearth Science, Vol: 23 Issue 1, pp: 30-45

Gholami A. 2010. Forty- year study of land use changes and its effects on soil physical, chemical and mineralogy characteristics. PhD Dissertation in soil Science. Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Gunal H, Ransom M.D. 2006. Clay Illuviation and calcium carbonat accumulation along a precipitation gradient in Kansass. Catena, 68(1), 59- 69.

Hartermink A.E. 2006. The Future of Soil Science. International union of soil science.Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Kaviani N. 2008. Study of physicochemical ,micromorphological and mineralogical preperties on Loss soils in climsequence similar in land use Natural in Golestan provience. MS thesis soil science. Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University Khuzestan.

Khademi H, Khayer H. 2004. Changeable of some soil surface properties quality in geo-reference scale in pasture lands in Semirom city. Journal of science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Volume 8. NO. 2, 59- 74 pp.

Moore D.M, Raynols R.C. 1989. X-Ray diffraction and the identification and analysis of clay minerals. Oxford, NewYork. 332p.

Oliyae H, Adhame A, Faraje H. 2009. Study of some properties of morphological, physical and chemical paleosoils as an indicator of climatic, sedimentaly and pedogensis change in Esfahan area, 473-475 pp. Eleveneth Congress of soil sciences ,Iran. Gorgan University of Agricultural sciences and Natural Resources Gorgan, Iran.

Salehi M, Khademi H, Karimiyaneghbal M. 2003. Idenfication and formation clay minerals in Farokh city soils in Chahar Mahal Bakhtiari provience.