Environmental maternal effects on drought and salinity tolerance of common plantain (Plantago major L.) at germination and seedling growth stage

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2014
Views (156) Download (3)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Environmental maternal effects on drought and salinity tolerance of common plantain (Plantago major L.) at germination and seedling growth stage

Solmaz Mardali Zakaria, Farid Golzardi, Saeed Vazan
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 2), 578-585, August 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Drought and salinity stresses are considered as limiting factors reducing crop production all over the world. In this experiment, resistance of common plantain to different level of drought and salt is screened at germination and seedling growth stages. To do this, an experiment with completely randomized factorial design, four replications in six salinity levels of Sodium Chloride (0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 mM), and six level of drought with polyethylene glycol (0, -0.2, -0.4, -0.6 and -0.8 MPa) is performed in Research Laboratory of Agricultural University of Karaj. The results show that drought and salinity stresses leave adverse effects on the growth of the studied traits, i.e. germination rate, germination percentage, radicle length, and shoot length. The experiment shows that crops in Ahwaz are more resistant to drought and salinity stresses rather than Karaj’s crops. Therefore, it is detected that plant’s maternal environment significantly affect germination traits of the common plantain seeds which is needed to be considered in planning for common plantain growth control.

VIEWS 1

Abin A, Eslami SV. 2009. Influence of maternal environment on salinity and drought tolerance of annual sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus L.) at germination and emergence stage. Iranian Weed Research Journal 1(2), 1- 12.

Alizadeh A. 1990. Relations of Water, soil and plant, Emam Reza University, p. 470.

Arshi A, Abdin MZ, Iqbal M. 2002. Growth and Metabolism of Senna as Affected by Salt Stress Biologia Plantarum 45(2), 295-29.

Basra AS, Basra PK. 1997. Mechanisms of environmental stress resistance in Plants. Hardwood Academic Publishers, p. 83.

Chachalis D, Ready KN. 2000. Factors affecting Campsis radicans seed germination and seedling emergence. Weed Science 48, 212-216.

Fenando EP, Boero C, Gallardo M, Gonzalez J. 2000. Effect of NaCl on germination, growth, and soluble sugar content in Chenopodium quinona seeds. Botanical Bulletin- Academia Sinica Taipei 41, 27- 34.

Fenner M. 1991a. Effect of parent plant environment on seed size and chemical composition. Horticultural Reviews 13, 183-213.

Fenner M. 1991b. The effects of the parent environment on seed germinability. Seed Science and Research. 1, 75-84.

Gholami P, Ghorbani J, Ghaderi SH, Salarian F, KarimZadeh A. 2010. Assessment of germination indices for Vicia monantha under salinity and drought stresses. Rangeland 4(1), 1-11.

Golzardi F, Vazan S, Moosavinia H, Tohidloo G. 2012. Effects of Salt and Drought Stresses on Germination and Seedling Growth of Swallow Wort (Cynanchum acutum L.). Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 4(21), 4524-4529.

Khan MA, Gulzar S. 2003. Germination responses of Sporobolus ioclados: A saline desert grass. Journal of Arid Environments 55, 453–464.

Michael BE, Kufaman MR. 1973. The osmotic potential of polyethylene glycol 6000. Plant Physiology 57, 914-916.

Mostafavi K, Golzardi F. 2012. Effects of Salt and Drought Stresses on Germination and Seedling Growth of Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L). Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 4(21), 4305- 4313.

Munir J, Dorn LA, Donohue K, Schmitt J. 2001. The effect of maternal photoperiod on seasonal dormancy in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). The American Journal of Botany 88, 1240-1249.

Pahlevani AH, Rashed MH, Ghorbani R. 2008. Effects of environmental factors on germination and emergence of swallowwort. Weed Technology 22, 303-308.

Roach DA, RD Wulff. 1987. Maternal effects in plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 18,209- 235.

Sathiyamoorty P, Nukamura S. 1995. Effect of gibberlic acid and inorganic salts on breaking dormancy and enhancing germination of true potato seed. Seed Research 23, 5- 7.

Taiz L, Zeiger E. 1991. Plant Physiology. The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc. p. 219.