Epidemics of dengue virus in the recent outbreak in 2017, in District Mardan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/03/2018
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Epidemics of dengue virus in the recent outbreak in 2017, in District Mardan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan

Sajid Ali, Nourin Mahmood, Jehan Zeb Afridi, Bashir Ahmad, Abdullah, Misbahud Din, Munib Ahmad, Faisal Hayat Khan, Fazal Jalil
Int. J. Biosci.12( 3), 280-284, March 2018.
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This study aimed to find out the recent burden of dengue virus infection during the recent epidemic in district Mardan in 2017. The suspected patients of Dengue Virus infection from different areas of district Mardan were hospitalized at Mardan Medical Complex (MMC). The admitted patients were treated in an isolated ward specified for Dengue cases. We came across 2421 suspected cases of Dengue fever during 11 months period (January to November, 2017). The suspected individuals have been screened for dengue infection through Immunochromato graphic technique (ICT), having recombinant NS1 antigen and both antibodies IgM and IgG coated. About 313 cases were found positive for dengue IgG, IgM, or both IgG and IgM, NS1, NS1+IgM, NS1+IgG, NS1+IgM+IgG. The dengue infection rate in males (214) was higher as compared to females (99). The rate of infection was found more in the age range of 15-35 years of age (44.08%). All the patients were suffering from severe fever (97.5%), Skin rash (20%), Abdominal pain (40%), Vomiting (50%), Nose bleeding (Epistaxis55%), Gum bleeding (33%), Haematemesis (30%) headache and Fatigue. Although Dengue virus infections has greater epidemic in some of the regions of KPK province in 2017 but in Mardan district least number of individuals have been affected. Our findings show male subjects’ seroprevalence is more as compared to female in the recent outbreak.


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