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Essential oil composition of lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora) leaves cultivated in Mazandaran, Iran

Hojat Taheri Aziz Abadi, Nad Ali Bagheri, Nad Ali Babaeian Jelodar, Salman Sharifi Mehr

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(1), 135-140, January 2014


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In this study the chemical composition of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Lippia citriodora (Verbenaceae) grown under greenhouse conditions in mazandaran, Iran. The essential oil was obtained by hydro-distillation method using Clevenger apparatus. The oil was analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Thirty-four compounds were identified. The main constituents of the oils in this method were sabinene (1.34%), 6 methyl-5heptene-2one (3.46%), D-limonene (5.81%), 1,8-Cineole (2.51%), trans-beta ocimene (1.17%), Alpha terpineol (1.75%), neral (12.6%), geranial(15.07%), geranial acetate (1.15%), caryophyllene (4.02), D-germacrene (3.52), alpha-curcumene (4.17%), bicyclogermacrene (3.42%), nerolidol (1.59%), spathulenol (4.40%) caryophyllene oxide (2.04%), alpha-cadinol (1.06%).In our study citral was also identified at high percentages.


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Essential oil composition of lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora) leaves cultivated in Mazandaran, Iran

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