Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Estimation of genetic parameters and selection of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] RILS F5 derived from single seed descent

Research Paper | February 1, 2016

| Download 16

Ranggi Rahimul Insan, Desta Wirnas,Trikoesoemaningtyas

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.8( 2), 95-103, February 2016


IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The purpose of this study was to obtain information about genetic parameters of agronomic characters of sorghum lines developed by Single Seed Descent as information for yield improvement through selection. The research was conducted from July to October 2014 in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia with an altitude of ± 240 m above sea level and a temperature of 27°C. The genetic materials used consisted of 201 RILs F5, and Numbu, Samurai-1, and Samurai-2 (national varieties), and a mutant B69 as check varieties. The experimental design used was augmented design. The results showed that the RILs F5 significantly different in the characters of seed filling period, plant height, leaf number, panicle length, circumference panicle, panicle weight, and grain weight panicle-1. High broad sense heritability values and broad genetic diversity were observed in the character of the seed filling period, plant height, leaf number, panicle length, circumference panicle, panicle weight and grain weight panicle-1. There were RILs F5 which have higher yield than the two parents and are uniform with lower within line variance. Selection was conducted based on grain weight panicle-1 increased 35.3% yield, but at the same time increased plant height by 5%. Simultaneous selection by grain weight panicle-1 and plant height increased yield by 21% and reduced plant height by -6.9%. This gives the opportunity to obtain shorter high yielding varieties.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Estimation of genetic parameters and selection of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] RILS F5 derived from single seed descent

Acquaah G. 2007. Principle of plant genetic and breeding. Malden, Blackwell publishing.

Allard RW. 1960. Principle of Plant Breeding. New York, John Wiley & Son.

Arunkumar    B,   Biradar    BD,   Salimath   PM. 2004. Genetic variability and character association studies in rabi sorghum. Karnataka Journal Agricultural Sciences 17(3), 471-475.

Balitsereal (ICERI). 2014. Database sorghum and wheat. http://.litbang.deptan.go.id.

Chavan SK, Mahajan RC, Fatak SU. 2010. Genetic variability studies in sorghum. Karnataka Journal Agriculture Science 23(2), 322-323.

Dicko MH, Gruppen H, Traore AS, Voragen AGJ, Van Berkel WJH. 2006. Sorghum grain as human food in Africa, relevance of content of starch and amylase activities. African Journal of Biotechnology 5, 384-395.

Directorate General of Food Crops. 2013. Policy Directorate General of Food Crops in Developing Commodity Corn and Sorghum. Jakarta, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia.

Falconer DS, Mackay TFC. 1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. Harlow, Adison Wesley Longman.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 2007. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Jakarta, UI Press.

Ibrahim HM. 2015. Effectiveness of breeding methods for production of superior genotypes and maintenance of genetic variance in Faba Bean (Vicia faba, L.). American Journal of Life Sciences 3(1), 11-16.

Kamatar MY, Biradar BD, Sowmya HH, Brunda SM, Deepakkumar GS, Sanjeevsingh R, Ramaling H. 2015. Genetic variability and selection for grain mold resistance in F3 progenies of sorghum. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences 4(4), 334-340.

Kelley TG, Rao PP, Singh RP. 1992. Trend in Sorghum production and utilization. Progress Report 108. Resource Management Program Economic Group. Patancheru, Internasional Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics.

Kong W, Jin H, Franks CD, Kim C, Bandhopadhyay R, Rana MK, Auckland AS, Valorie H, Rainvile K, Burow GB, Woodfin C, Burke JJ, Peterson AH. 2013. Genetic analysis of recombinant inbred lines for sorghum bicolor x sorghum propinquum. Journal genes genomes and genetics 3, 101-108.

Mangoendidjojo W. 2003. Basic – Basic Plant Breeding. Yogyakarta, Kanisius.

Miladinovic J, Burton JW, Tubic SB, Miladinovic D, Djordjevic V, Djukic V. 2011. Soybean breeding: comparison of the efficiency of different selection methods. Turk Journal For Agriculture 35, 469-480.

Phuong N, Stutzel H, Uptmoor R. 2013. Quantitative trait loci associated to agronomic traits and yield components in a Sorghum bicolor L. Moench RIL population cultivated under pre-flowering drought and well-watered conditions. Agricultural Sciences 4(12), 781-791.

Pinaria AA, Baihaki R, Setiamihardja, Daradjat AA. 1995. Genetic variability and heritability of characters biomass 53 soybean genotypes. Zuriat 6(2), 88-92.

Poehlman JM, Sleper DA. 2006. Breeding Field Crops. Five Edition. Iowa, Blackwell publishing.

Puspitasari W, Human S, Wirnas D, Trikoesoemaningtyas. 2012. Evaluating genetic variability sorghum mutant lines tolerant to acid soil. Journal Atom Indonesia 38(2), 83-88.

Rani CH, Umakanth AV. 2012. Genetic variation and trait inter-relationship in F1 hybrids of sweet sorghum. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 50(2), 80-83.

Reddy PS, Patil JV, Nirmal SV, Gadakh SR. 2012. Improving post-rainy season sorghum productivity in medium soils. Current Science 102(6), 904-908.

Roy D. 2000. Plant Breeding Analysis and Exploitation of Variation. New Delhi, Narosa Publishing House.

Sami RA, Yeye MY, Usman IS, Hassan LB, Usman M. 2013a. Studies on genetic variability in some sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) genotypes. Journal Academic Research 1(1), 1-6.

Sami RA, Yeye MY, Ishiyaku MF, Usman IS. 2013b. Heritabiliy studies in some sweet sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor. L. Moench) genotypes. Journal of Biology, Agriculture, and Healthcare 3(17), 49-51.

Sarwar S, Sidiq MS, Saleem M, Abbas G. 2004. Selection criteria in F3 and F4 population of mungbean. Pakistan Journal Botany 36, 297-310.

Sharma JR. 1988. Statistical and Biometrical Tehniques in Plant Breeding. New Delhi, New Age International.

Sirappa MP. 2003. Prospects of development of sorghum in Indonesia as an alternative crop for food and industrial. Journal of Agricultural Research 22(4), 133-140.

Sulistyowati Y, Trikoesoemaningtyas, Sopandie D, Ardhie SW, Nugroho S. 2015. Estimation of genetic parameters and gene actions of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] tolerance to low p condition. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 7(3), 38-46.

Sungkono. 2009. Estimation of genetic parameters and selection of mutant strains of sorghum in acid soils. Agronomy Journal Indonesia 37(3), 220–225.

Suprapto, Kairudin NM. 2007. Genetic variation, heritability, acts of genes and genetic progress (Glycine max Merrill) on ultisol. Journal of Agricultural Sciences Indonesia 2, 183-190.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Siregar A. 2010. Estimation of genetic parameters of several agronomic characters chili F4 and evaluation of the results using draft power magnification (augmented design). journal Agrotropika 15(3), 9-16.

Wardina E, Pranowo D. 2011. Estimation of genetic parameters, correlations, and clustering 20 genotypes of Jatropha. Bulletin Germplasm 17(2), 46-53.

Wirnas D, Widodo I, Sobir, Trikoesoemani-ngtyas, Sopandie D. 2006. Selection of agronomic characters to index selection in 11 soybean population F6 generation. Bulletin Agronomy Indonesia 34(1), 19-24.