J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(2), 526-533, August 2014
This study conducted to estimate the honey production function and calculate the productivity at Alborz province production factors in 2013. The data of this study was relating to agricultural year of (2012-2013) which is collected through completing 210 questionnaires and then the production function of Cobb-Douglas estimated. The Results showed that variables such as labor, capital, drug, nutrition (sugar) and energy (fuel) were statistically significant at the level 1, 5 and 10% confidence and had a direct positive correlation with honey production. The production elasticity of labor, capital, drug, nutrition (sugar) and energy (fuel) respectively estimated at the rate of 0.19, 0.35, 0.04, 0.07 and 0.13%. Results of this study showed that 1% increase in capital lead to growth of honey production about 0.35%. Also 1% increase in drug, nutrition (sugar) and energy (fuel) respectively enhance the production about 0.04, 0.07, and 0.13%. Increase in capital store caused to boost amount of production much rather than other elements. Variables such as labor, energy (fuel), nutrition (sugar) and drug were respectively the most important elements after capital variable. The average of marginal value of each inputs include drug, nutrition (sugar) and fuel was respectively equal to 251, 234 and 3.7 Kg. According to results it was founded that the productivity of all input was positive, which meant the little amount of used inputs at the economical area (first area). The results showed that there was no significant correlation between the level of literacy and the main job of beekeepers with productivity of the total production factors. Since the final production and productivity of capital is more than other factors, therefore capital increase in units of honey production of Alborz province is suggested from various ways such as facilities.
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