Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Estimation of spatial diversity of spider species among mustard crop through pitfall trap method

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

| Download 7

Muhammad Arshad Rana, Munaza Shabnam, Naureen Rana, Tauseef Ullah, Luqman Khan, Sobia Kanwal, Marriam Batool, Shamsa Altaf

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.8( 4), 132-141, April 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The present study was conducted to estimate the spatial diversity of spider species among mustard crop at Okara district, Punjab, Pakistan. Sampling spiders was made on fortnight basis through pitfall traps. Equal number of traps filled with mixture solution of alcohol and glycerin (70:30%) along with few drops of kerosene oil were placed in three rows e.g. along the boundary, middle of the field and centre of the field. After 5 days interval sample traps collected and spider specimen were washed with distilled water and permanently stored in labeled glass vials. All the spider specimens were identified according to the taxonomic material and internet source. Overall maximum spatial distribution of spider species was documented in middle transect than boundary and centre of the mustard crop. Spatial diversity was estimated during the months of February, March and April in 2015, due to rise of temperature, decrease of humidity and availability of prey. Conclusively, spider species have some correlation with temperature and suitable local conditions. More over, these species are functionally significant and play a key role in regulating decomposer population.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Estimation of spatial diversity of spider species among mustard crop through pitfall trap method

Ahmad S, Ghafoor A, Iqbal MZ. 2005. Biodiversity of Gnaphosid spiders of Triticum vulgare from District Okara, Punjab, Pakistan. Indus Journal of Biological Science 2(4), 477-482.

Anonymous.   2012-13.   Agricultural    Statistics    of Pakistan. Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Economic Wing), Government of Pakistan. Islamabad.

Barrion AT, Litsinger TA. 1995. Riceland spider of South and South Asia. International Rice Research Institute Philphines.

Dippenaar-Schoeman A. 2006. Spiders – The African Farmer’s Best Friend. Science in Africa – Africa’s First On-Line Science Magazine, 1-4 P.

Douglas AL, Stephen DW, Geoff MG. 2000. Habitat management to conserve natural enemies of arthropod pests in agriculture. Annual Review of Entomology 45, 175-201.

Ghaffar A, Musthaq S, Rana SA, Khalil-ur-Rehman. 2011. Influence of Citrus and Guava Branch Architecture on Foliage Spider Fauna. Journal of Agriculture Biology 13, 406-410.

Govt. of Pakistan. 2010. Agriculture Statistics, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Economics Affairs and Statistics, Pakistan.

Hussain A, Khan S, Bakhsh A, Imran M, Ansar M. 2010. Variability in fodder production potential of exotic oats (Avena sativa) genotypes under irrigated conditions. Journal of Agriculture Research 48, 65-71.

Kazim M, Perveen R, Hussain R, Fatima N. 2014. Biodiversity of spiders (Arachnida: araneae) of Karachi (urban) Sindh province, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2(6), 308-313.

Khalil IA, Jan A.  2000.  Cropping  Technology. Millennium Ed. National Book .

Liljesthrom G, Minervino E, Castro D, González A. 2002. La comunidad de arañas Del cultivo de soja en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Neotropical Entomology 3(2), 197-210.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 34-36 P.

Mushtaq S, Beg MA, Aziz S. 2003. Biodiversity and temporal varieties in the abundance of cursorial spiders of a cotton field at Faisalabad. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 35(2), 125-131.

Musthaq S, Ali, MA, Riaz M, Murtaza A, Ahmad S. 2005. Spider asinsect’s natural enemies: evaluation of feeding niche of co-existing foliage species in cotton. Indus Cotton 2, 193-204.

Platnick NI. 2012. The world spider catalog, version 12.5. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog.

Pradeep M, Sankaran, Malamel, Jobi J, Sebastian  PA.  2015.  Redescription  of  the  orb-weaving spider Gasteracantha geminate (Fabricius, 1798) (Araneae, Araneidae) Zootaxa, 3915 (1), 147– 150.

Rajeswaran J, Duraimurugan P, Shanmugam. PS. 2005. Role of spiders in agriculture and horticulture ecosystem. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 3(3-4), 147 152.

Rana M A, Shabnam M, Rana N, Sultana T, Sultana S, Kanwal S, Ahmad I. 2016. Population dynamics of ground dwelling spider genera among mustard crop. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 8(2), 114-123.

Rittschof CC. 2012. The effects of temperature on egg development and web site selection in Nephila clavipes. Journal of Arachnology 40(1), 141-145.

Seyfulina RR. 2003. Spatial distribution of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in agro-ecosystems of the European part of Russia. Proc. 21stEur. Colloq. Arachnol. 275-292 P.

Seyfulina RR, Tshernyshev VB. 2001. Hortobiont spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in agro-ecosystems of Moscow Province (species composition, spatial distribution and seasonal dynamics). ENT. Obozr. 81(Suppl. 1), 137-148.

Tikader BK, Biswas B. 1981. Spider fauna of Calcutta and vicinity. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 30, 1-148.

Tikader BK, Malhotra MS. 1982. The fauna of India. Araneae, I (Part II). Lycosidae. Zool. Surv. India, Calcutta.

Thomas O, Mér O, Janjatovi M, Horváth R, Mrkobrad K, Žuljevic A. 2014. Factors influencing the appearance of spider (Araneae) and beetle (Coleoptera) assemblages in nests of great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus. Biologia 69(7), 920-925.

Wise  DH.  1993.  Spiders  in  ecological  webs. Cambridge Univ. Press.

Younas M, Yaqoob M. 2005.  Feed  resourcesof live-stock in the Punjab, Pakistan. Live-stock Resarch for Rural Development.

Zhu  MS,  Song  DX,  Zhang  JX.  2003.  Fauna Sinicaa: Arachnidat, Aranea, Tetragnathidae. Science Press, Beijing, China, 418 P.