Ethno-medicinal study of spontaneous plants used in Chaiba and El Hadjeb villages (Biskra region), Southern Algeria

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Research Paper 01/07/2019
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Ethno-medicinal study of spontaneous plants used in Chaiba and El Hadjeb villages (Biskra region), Southern Algeria

Somia Saad, Hanane BenZetta, Nadjette Djemouai, Hafida Belkharchouche, Saida Ouafi
Int. J. Biosci.15( 1), 186-198, July 2019.
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Biskra region has long been inhabited by people who have a long tradition of using medicinal plants in the treatment of many ailments. In this context, the aim of this work is to document the ethno-medicinal uses of spontaneous plants in two selected villages (Chaiba and El Hadjeb) of South Algeria. This study was conducted in 2011 using semi-structured questionnaire and distributed to 70 residents selected at random in the studied areas. Data collected were quantitatively analyzed by calculating the factor informant consensus (Fic) and citation frequency (Cf). A total of 44 spontaneous plant species belonging to 24 families and 43 genera were documented which were used for treating more than 14 ailments category. Asteraceae and Lamiaceae were the most abundant families (7 species each). Among the identified species, herbs constituted 72.72%, shrubs 20.45% and tress 6.81%. Leaves were found to be the most frequently utilized plant part (25.71%), and most remedies were prepared as a decoction form (34.33%). The Fic value ranged from 0.56 to 1 and the highest Fic value was found in eye and liver diseases. Cf values ranged from 8.71 to 92.85% and the highly cited species was Artemisia herbaalba Asso. These results constitute a source of very precious information for the studied region and for the Algerian flora subsequent researches in phytochemistry and pharmacology in order to search for new bioactive molecules.


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