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Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used as a remedy in District Malakand, KP, Pakistan

Research Paper | July 1, 2018

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Rohul Amin, Abd Ullah, Imtiaz Ahmad, Yu-Jie Fu

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.13( 1), 52-59, July 2018


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Ethnobotanical studies are helpful in assessing the the therapeutic uses of the plants that are used for different healing purposes. The present work was conducted to explore the ethnomedicinal uses of indigenous plants of various localities of District Malakand KP, Pakistan. A total of 46 plant species were identified belonging to 49 families. The reported plant species were well known for various human illnesses in the localities. Family Lamiaceae was the leading family comprises 6 species (10.52%) followed by family Solanaceae, Moraceae, and Euphorbiaceae each with 4 species (7.02%). The natives use herb (45.61%), shrubs (22.81%) and trees (31.58%) for different healing purposes. They use leaves (23.61%), whole plant (19.44%), fruit (18.06%), seed (9.72%), latex (6.94%), shoot (6.94%), bark (5.56%), gum (4.17%), plant oil (1.39%) and root (1.39%) of the reported medicinally important plants. The major and important ailments of the localities were diabetes, wound healing stomach problems, blood and skin disorders and constipation. Mentha arvensis L. has the highest Use Valve (0.42) whereas the highest Relative frequency citations has been reported for Cannabis sativa L. (0.32). The present study sown that the local people use the indigenous flora for different human ailments. Although further phytochemical and pharmacological justifications of the reported plant species are highly recommended.


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Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used as a remedy in District Malakand, KP, Pakistan

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