Int. J. Biosci.13(5), 40-49, November 2018
Ethnomedicinal applications of plant taxa by the local communities of tehsil Adenzai, district lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan was conducted to collect the valuable information from the local inhabitants. A total of 60 ethnomedicinal taxa were distributed in 57 genera and 39 families which were utilized by the local people for various disorders. Amongst them fifty eight taxa were Angiosperms including fifty four Dicotyledonous and four taxa of Monocotyledonous and two taxa were Gymnosperms while thirty taxa were herbs, eight taxa were shrubs and thirteen taxa were trees. Lamiaceae were the largest family having eight taxa, Asteraceae and Rosaceae were the second largest family having three taxa followed by Alliaceae, Apiaceae, Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae, Pinnaceae, Rutaceae and Solanaceae having two taxa each while the remaining all families viz. Acanthaceae, Amaranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclapadaceae. Berberidaceae, Canabiaceae, Convolulaceae, Ebanaceae, Fagaceae, Geraniaceae, Hederaceae, Juglandaceae, Liliaceae, Malvaceae, Meliaceae, Mimosaceae, Myrtaceae, Oleaceae, Oxalidaceae, Papaveraceae, Papilionaceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Punicaceae, Sapindaceae, Violaceae and Rhamnaceae having one taxa each used by the local inhabitants of the studied area. They were mostly used for the remedies against respiratory infections viz. asthma, bronchitis, coughing, diabetes, pneumonia, kidney and urinary problems, circulatory disorders and skin diseases by the methods of decoction and infusion.
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