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Ethnomedicinal plants of the Dumagat community of Paraiso, Culat, Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines

Research Paper | March 1, 2021

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Madel L. Canceran, Paul Henric P. Gojo Cruz, Evaristo A. Abella, Diana C. Castillo, Emmanuel E. Gandalera, Khristina G. Judan Cruz

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Int. J. Biosci.18( 3), 261-267, March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.3.261-267


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Of the Philippines’ 130 distinct and diverse ethnic groups, the Dumagats of Casiguran, Aurora hosts a rich culture of traditional medicine that utilizes taxonomically diverse ethnobotanicals. This paper highlights the Dumagats’ utilization of ethnobotanicals as medicine.  Dumagat families served as informants and were interviewed for their use of the ethnobotanicals.  The data collected were quantified by calculating the use value and informant consensus factor. A total of 58 ethnobotanicals used for medicinal purposes were listed and classified under 34 families.  Leaves are the commonly used plant part.  Ethnomedicinal plants were often decocted and taken orally. Centella asiatica L., Pinanga sp., Mikania cordata (Burm.f.) B.L. Rob., Pterocarpus indicus Willd., Psidium guajava L., Phyllantus urinaria L., and Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch are the most used medicinal plants in the community with a use value of 1. The disease category with the highest FIC value was injury and poisons of external causes and diseases of the respiratory system with a value of 0.85 High FIC values were observed which suggests further research to validate the medicinal uses of these plants.


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Ethnomedicinal plants of the Dumagat community of Paraiso, Culat, Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines

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