Ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants in a rural community in Northern Philippines

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2017
Views (458) Download (30)

Ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants in a rural community in Northern Philippines

Darin Jan C. Tindowen, Jennifer C. Bangi, Marie Jean N. Mendezabal
J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 1), 296-303, July 2017.
Certificate: JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


This study documents the medicinal plants used as medicines for the treatment of various diseases among the people of a rural community in Northern Philippines. An ethnopharmacological survey was conducted to collect information about the medicinal plants used by community people. Information was gathered from the traditional healers and local inhabitants of the community using an integrated approach of plant collections and interview schedules. Forty one (41) medicinal plant species distributed in thirty two (32) families have been documented. Based on the information gathered it reveals that the community largely depends on medicinal plants to meet their primary health care needs. However, the present study also reveals that the extent of knowledge of the people in the study area with regard to the utilization of medicinal plants is limited to treating simple health problems.


Abe R, Ohtani K. 2012. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and traditional therapies on Batan Island, the Philippines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145, 554–565.

Ahmad F, Ismail G. 2003. Medicinal plants used by Kadazandusun communities around Crocker Range. ASEAN Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation 1-10.

Balangcod TD, Balangcod AKD. 2011. Ethnomedical knowledge of plants and healthcare practices among the Kalanguya tribe in Tinoc, Ifugao, Luzon, Philippines. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 10, 227-238.

Balilia V, McHenry JA. 2013. Indigenous aetamagbukun self-identity, sociopolitical structures, and self-determination at the local level in the Philippines. Journal of Anthropology 1-6.

De Guzman GQ, Nacua AE, Belgica TH, Clemente KJ, Alejandro GJ. 2014. Assessment, inventory, and ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Mount Malinao (Albay, Philippines). International Journal of Pharmacy Teaching and Practices 5(3), 1014-1019.

Farooque NA, Majila BS, Kala CP. 2004. Indigenous knowledge systems and sustainable management of natural resources in a high altitude society in Kumaun, Himalaya, India. Journal of Human Ecology 16, 32-42.

Fiscal RR, Chavez ACC. 2016. Ethnobotanical Profiling of the Commonly Utilized Plants for Hypertension and Diabetes in the Province of Laguna. E-Proceeding of theCoference“4th Global Summit on Education GSE 2016” on March 14-15, 2016, .Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia p. 190 – 194.

Focho A, Nkeng AP, Fonge BA, Fongod AN, Muh CN, Ndam TW, Afegime A. 2011. Diversity of plants used to treat respiratory diseases in Tibah, northwest region, Cameroon. African Journal of Pharmacology 11, 573-580.

Gad SB, El-Sherif AG, Refaei AR. 2013. Reaction of certain malvaceae cultivars to meloidogyne incognita infection under greenhouse conditions. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 4(3), 309-315.

Gruyal G, Del Rosario R, Palmes N. 2014. Ethnomedicinal plants used by residents in Northern Surigao del Sur, Philippines. Natural Products Chemistry and Research 2(4), 1-5.

Gupta VK, Singh GD, Singh S, Kaul A. 2014. Medicinal plants: Phytochemistry, pharmacology and therapeutics. Daya Publishing House.

Hamayun M. 2007. Traditional uses of some medicinal plants of Swat Valley, Pakistan. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 6(4), 636-641.

Hortelano R, Juan M, Tindowen DJ. 2015. Indigenous games of the Agtas of Penablanca, Cagayan. Bannag: Journal of Local Knowledge 2(1), 5-22.

Hossan S, Hanig A, Agarwala B, Sarwarm S, Karim M, Jahan R, Rahmatullah M. 2010. Traditional use of medicinal plants in Bangladesh to treat urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases. Ethnobotany Research and Application 52, 61-74.

Hutchings A. 1989. A survey and analysis of traditional medicinal plants as used by the Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Bothalia 19(1), 111-123.

Kala CP. 2005. Current status of medicinal plants used by traditional Vaidyas in Uttaranchal state in India. Ethnobotany Research and Application 3, 267-278.

Karaman S, Kocabas YZ. 2001. Traditional medicinal plants of K. Maras (turkey). The Science 1(31), 126-128.

Lal SD, Yadav BK. 1983. Folk medicines of Kurukshetra district (Haryana), India. Economic Botany 37(3), 299-305.

Mahesh B, Satish S. 2008. Antimicrobial activity of some important medicinal plant against plant and human pathogens. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4, 839-843.

Maundu P. 1995. Methodology for collecting and sharing indigenous knowledge: A case study. Knowledge and Development Monitor 3, 3-5.

Mesfin K, Tekle G, Tesfay T. 2013. Ethnobotanical study of traditional medicinal plants used by indigenous people of Gemad District, Northern Ethiopia, Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 1(4), 32-37.

Morilla LJ, Sumaya NH, Rivero HI, Madamba MR. 2014. Medicinal Plants of the Subanens in Dummingag, Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. Proceedings on the International Conference “Food, Biological, and Medical Sciences” on January 2-29, 2014. Bangkok, Thailand p. 38 – 43.

Mukherjee PK, Wahil A. 2006. Integrated approaches towards drug development from Ayurveda and other systems of medicine. Journal of Ethanopharmacology 103, 25-35.

Olowa LF, Torres MA, Aranico EC, Demayo CG. 2012. Medicinal plants used by the Higaonon tribe of Rodongon, Iligan City, Mindanao, Philippines. Advances in Environmental Biology 6, 1442-1449.

Ong HC, Nordiana M. 1999. Malay ethno-medico botany in Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia. Fitoterapia 70, 502-513.

Quisumbing E. 1978. Medicinal plants of the Philippines. Philippines: Katha Publishing Company.

Rahmatullah M, Azam NK, Rahman M, Seraj S, Mahal SJ, Mou M, Nasrin D, Khatun Z, Islam F, Chowdhury MJ. 2011. A survey of medicinal plants used by garo and non-Garo traditional medicinal practitioners in two villages of Tangail District, Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 5(3), 350-357.

Rahmatullah M, Ferdausi D, Mollik MA, Jahan R, Chowdhury NH, Haque WM. 2010. A survey of medicinal plants used by Kavirajes of Chalna Area, Khulna District, Bangladesh. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines 7(2), 91-97.

Sahu CR, Nayak RK, Dhal NK. 2013. Traditional herbal remedies for various diseases used by tribals of Boudh district, Odisha, India for sustainable development. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 1(1), 12-20.

Sathiyaraj K, Sivaraj A, Thirumalai T, Senthilkumar B. 2012. Ethnobotanical study of antifertility medicinal plants used by the local people in Kathiyavadi village, Vellore District, Tamilnadu, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2(3), 1285-1288.

Tantiado RG. 2012. Survey on ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants in Iloilo, Philippines. International Journal of Bio-science and Bio-technology 4(4), 11-22.

Yalcin FN, Kaya D. 2006. Ethnobotany, pharmacology, and phytochemistry of the Genus Lamium (Lamiaceae). FABAD J. Pharm. Sci 31, 43-52.

Yirga G. 2010. Assessment of indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants in Central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science 4, 6-11.