Evaluate the effect of different rates of super absorbent polymer (SAP) on soil properties and yield components of sesame crop with desert soil

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2019
Views (333) Download (20)

Evaluate the effect of different rates of super absorbent polymer (SAP) on soil properties and yield components of sesame crop with desert soil

Mukhtiar Ali Magsi, Shafi Muhammad Kori, Rajesh Kumar Soothar, Ashfaque Ahmed Memon, Khalifa Qasim Laghari
Int. J. Biosci.14( 5), 31-40, May 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


So far, no method has been introduced to improve the water holding capacity of sandy soil in the Pakistan’s Thar Desert. Meanwhile, other countries such as Iran, China, Europe, and the United States have worked on mixing SAP to improve water holding capacity, and improving water use efficiency to increase crop production on low permeability soils. The same study was conducted on Thar soil of Pakistan to improve water holding capacity and crop production. In this regard, pot experiments were conducted to assess the effect of different proportions of SAP, including four treatments: i) T0 = control (no mixing of SAP), ii) T1 = SAP mix with soil @ 6 kg ha-1, iii) T2 = SAP mix with soil @ 9 kg ha-1 and iv) T3 = SAP mix with soil @ 12 kg ha-1, every treatment was related with three replications. The irrigation water requirement was determined using CROPWAT (8.0) Model. Results indicated that the soil physical properties was significant affected and soil holding capacity was increased from 24 % to 35 % with application of SAP. Similarly, soil pH and EC was significantly decreased. Moreover, crop yield and water use efficiency was slightly increased along with the increase of SAP as compared to control. Statistical analysis indicates that plant height is significant and stem circumference, capsule number, capsule length and test weight are not significant (p = 0.05). As a concern for climate change forecasting, the application of an SAP dose of 12 kg ha-1 is suitable for sesame production in desert soils.


Bai W, Zhang H, Liu B, Wu Y, Song J. 2010. Effects of super-absorbent polymers on the physical and chemical properties of soil following different wetting and drying cycles. Soil Use and Management 26, 253-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2010.00271.x

Bouyoucos JB. 1962. Hydrometer method for making particle-size analysis of soils. Agrono. Journal 54, 464-465. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x

Derraji S, Golchin A, Ahmadi SH. 2010. The effects of different levels of a super absorbent polymer and soil salinity on water holding capacity with three textures of sandy, loamy and clay. Journal Water Soil Iran 24, 306-316.

Islam MR, Xuzhang X, Sishuai M, Xingbao Z, Eneji AE, Yuegao H. 2011. Super absorbent polymers (SAP) enhance efficient and eco-friendly production of corn in drought affected areas of northern China. African Journal of Biotechnology 10, 4887-4894.

Keshavars L, Hasan, Farahbakhsh, Golkar P. 2012. The effects of drought stress and super absorbent polymer on morphphysiological traits of pear millet (Pennisetum glaucum). International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences 3, 148-154.

Khalilpour A. 2001. Study the application of Superabsorbent polymer (BT773) on controlling soil erosion and conservation. Report of Research Project. Tehran Research Center of Natural Resources. Iran, Ministry of Jihad Agriculture.

Lawrence OB, Agaba H, Tweheyo M, Gerald E, Kabasa JD, Hüttermann A. 2009. Amending soils with hydrogels increases the biomass of nine tree species under non-water stress conditions. Clean Soil, Air, Water 37, 615-620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clen.200900128

Majumdar DK. 2000. Irrigation water management. Principles and Practices. Prentice Hall of India, Pvt. Ltd., New Dehli, p 487.

Mohammad J, Mehr Z, Kabiri K. 2008. Impact of soil amended superabsorbent polymers on the efficiency of irrigation.  Iranian Polymer Journal 17, 451-477.

Rajiv D, Neelkanth B, Bipin P. 2014. Effect on the absorption rate of agricultural super absorbent polymers under the mixer of soil and different quality of irrigation water. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, p 1402-1406.

Rousta MJ, Soltani M, Besharat N, Soltani V, Salehi M, Rangbar GH. 2013. The effect of different levels of superabsorbent polymer and water salinity on soil moisture retention. Iranian Water Research Journal 12, 241-244.

Saleem MF, Malik MA, Cheema MA, Wahid MA. 2008. Yield and Quality Response of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to Irrigation Frequencies and Planting Patterns. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 88, 101-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/CJPS07052

Singhvi AK, Kar A. 1992. Thar Desert in Rajasthan: Land, Man & Environment. Geological Society of India, Bangalore.

Sinha RK, Bhatia S, Vishoni R. 1996. Desertification control and rangeland management in Thar Desert of India. RALA Report No. 200, 115-123.

Toan DP, Thuy-Duong TNA, Carlsson S, Bui TM. 2010. Morphological Evaluation of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties from Different Origins. Australian Journal of Crop Science 4, 498-504.