Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 1, 2014

| Download 1

Evaluating groundwater contamination of Urmia plain by using GIS

Abbas Ali Cheraghi, Hossein Pirkharrati, Abdolnaser Fazlnia, Ali aryanfar, Ehsan Alizadeh

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(5), 183-188, November 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The purpose of this study is to update the information and determining the chemical quality of ground water in Urmia plain in order to control the contamination and optimal utilization of these resources. In this research, to evaluate chemical parameters of water quality (Sodium, hardness, bicarbonate, calcium, sulfate, chloride, electrical conductivity and pH and total soluble salts) 70 wells were selected. Then maximum, minimum, average, standard deviation and coefficient of variation were determined by using GIS package and Excel software. The average of each parameter was analyzed during 2001-2011 and compared with international standards. The results demonstrate that average of sodium and electrical conductivity in drinking water is close to Europe standards and average of pH and chloride is less than mentioned standards. Based on the chemical composition of water and zoning maps, it seems that agricultural activities (excessive use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and agricultural waste) and Urmia saline lake were effective in contaminating eastern parts of the plain.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluating groundwater contamination of Urmia plain by using GIS

Aly A, Alomran A, Alwabel M, Almahini A, Alamari M. 2013. “Hydrochemical and quality of water resources in Saudi Arabia groundwater: A comparative study of Riyadh and Al-Ahsa regions”, International Academy of Ecology and Environmental sciences, 3(1), pp 42-51.

Balamurugan C, Dheenadayalan M. 2012. “Studies on the quality of groundwater in Madurai, Tamilandu, India”, Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical Research, 4(3), p 1632-1637.

Josuma G, Bear J, Haimes YY, Walter F. 1987. Groundwater contamination: Use of models in decision- making, published by Kluwer Academic Publisher.

Laws Edward A. 2000. “Aquatic pollution”, 3rd edition, John Wiley and sons.

Zakaria N, Akiti T, Osae S, Dickso A, Ganyaglo S, Hanson J, Ayanu G. 2012. “Hydrogeochemistry of groundwater in parts of the Ayensu Basin of Ghana”, International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2(2), pp 128-135.

Banezhad H, Mohebzadeh H. 2012. “Qahavand-Razn groundwater quality assessment needed for water supply of agriculture by using GIS”, Journal of geographical space, 38, p 99-110, Ahar.

Taghizadeh M, Mohamadi Z. 2005. “Sources and effects of environmental contaminants”, Ahvaz, Kerdgar Publications.

Rezaee H, Jonoubi R, Behmanesh J. 2012. “Management of ground water through the integration of surface and subsurface water by using Modflow”, Journal of Irrigation and Water Management, Tehran University, 3(1), p 49-68.

Khodayi K, Shahsavari A, Etebari B. 2008. “Jovein aquifer vulnerability assessment by using DRASTIC and GODS”, Journal of Geology, 2(4), p 73-87, Tehran.

Mohamadi M, Ebrahimi K. 2001. “Temporal and spatial variation of water quality in the Qazvin plain”, Journal of Water Research, 3, p 41-52, Shahrekord,.

Moghimi H. 2001. “Hydrogeochemistry”, Tehran, Payame Noor University Publications.

Nakhaee M. 2011. “Introduction to groundwater”, Tehran, Arad book.