Evaluating plant species diversity in urban parks of Kio and Shariati in Khorramabad county

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2015
Views (324) Download (10)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Evaluating plant species diversity in urban parks of Kio and Shariati in Khorramabad county

M. Sheikh Hosseini Fard, M. Namiranian, V. Etemad
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 4), 1-8, April 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In this study, plant species diversity in two urban parks of Kio and Shariati in Khorramabad County were compared. A number of 30 sample plots were sampled from each park using systematic random sampling technique and in each sample plot characteristics of plant species, number of species, diameter at breast height of all trees, height of all trees and shrubs as well as large and small diameters of crown were measured. Simpson’s diversity and evenness indices as well as Shannon Hill, and Brillouin diversity indices were used to assess plant diversity. Species richness was calculated using the number of species in each sample plot. Species diversity indices were calculated using the software Metadology Ecologycal and the t test was used to assess the significance of differences of these two indexes between the Kio and Shariati Parks. The results show that Kio Park had the higher average Shannon (1.514), Simpson (0.695), Hill (2.854) and Briloin (1.061) diversity indices indicating higher species diversity than Shariati Park. Also this park also has the higher Simpson evenness index (0.792) and the species richness (3.633), which indicates a better distribution and abundance of species in the park. The difference between averages of diversity indices at confidence level of 1% and the difference between averages of the evenness index at 5% were significant.

VIEWS 9

Barrico L, Marisa Azul A, Morais M, Coutinho A, Freitas H, Castro P. 2012. Biodiversity in urban ecosystems Plants and macromycetes as indicators for conservation planning in the city of Coimbra (Portugal). Landscape and Urban Planning 106, 88– 102.

Cornelis J, Hermy M. 2004. Biodiversity relationships in urban and suburban parks in Flanders. Landscape and Urban Planning 69, 385– 401.

Danekar A, Azizi Galilian M. 2011. The history of the various parks and their classification. Green Magazine Jamgan 42, 53- 57.

Esmailzadeh O, Hosseini SM. 2008. The relationship between plants ecological groups and plant biodiversity indices in Afratakhteh Yew (Taxusbaccata L.) reserved area. Journal of Environmental Studies 33, 21- 30.

Hassanzad I. 2004. Investigation on the relationship between diversity indices of woody species and growing stock in natural beech. (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) stands (Gillan). Journal of Pajouhesh & Sazandegi 59, 60- 66.

Hill MO. 1973. Diversity and evenness a unifying notation and its consequence. Ecology 54, 427- 432.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and masurement. Princeto University Press, 350p.

Majnounian H. 1995. Debates about parks and green space. Pyamrsa Publishing Press, 251 p.

Margalef DR. 1958. Information theory in ecology. General Systems 3, 36–71.

Moghadam A. 2002. Ecology of terrestrial plant. University Tehran Press, 701 p.

Nagendra H, Gopal D. 2010. Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks (studies in Bangalore, India). Urban Ecosystem 14, 211– 223.

Pourbabaei H, Dado Kh. 2005. Species diversity of woody plants in the district forests, Kelardasht, Mazandaran province. Journal of Plant Biology 4, 322- 307.

Pourbabaei H, Javanshir K, Zobeiri M, Akbarinia M. 2000. Diversity of woody species of common Walnut (Juglans regia L.) sites in the Gillan forests. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 52, 35- 45.

Rostami Shahraji T, Pourbabaei H. 2007. Study of vegetation in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations in the Aziz kian and Lakan areas, Rasht. Journal of Environmental Studies 33, 85- 96.

shannon CE. 1949. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, 29-125.

Simpson  EH.  1949.  Measurement  of  Diversity. Nature, 688p.

 Sohrabi H, Akbarinia M, Hosseini SM. 2007. Plant  species  diversity  in  ecosystem  unites  in  the Dehsorkh forests, Javanroud. Journal of Environmental Studies 33, 69- 76.

Sohrabi H, Akbarinia M. 2004. Study on Plant biodiversity in relation to physiographical factors in the forested area of Dehsorkh, Javanrod, Kermanshah Province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 3, 279- 294.

Zare S, Karami S, Namiranian M, Shabanali Fami H. 2009. Principles of Urban Forestry. University Tehran Press, 180 p .

Zobeiry M. 2011. Forest inventory (Measurment of Tree and Forest), University Tehran Press, 401 p.