Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2014

| Download 1

Evaluating the potential impact of Agdarband coal mining on water quality, NE Iran

Feze Adly, Rahim Dabiri, Mohamad Javanbakht, Mohamad Ibrahim Fazel Valipour, Mahbobeh Masrournia, Reza Arjmandzadeh

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(6), 425-431, December 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The evaluation of geochemical composition of coal mine drainage in Agdarband shows that the concentration of some elements (especially iron and aluminum) in the surface water is more than the standard. The evaluations imply that the large quantities of these elements have anthropogenic origin and they are resulted from coke washing plant in the area. Calcium, potassium and also Sodium in the samples of taken water from Kashaf-rud are more than the standard which is often due to Lithogenicorigin and also it is corresponded to the kind of limestone formations in Agdarbad. The pollution indices (HPI and MI) reveal the surface water of Agdarband is polluted and non-potable. The Pearson coefficient and cluster diagram show a high correlation between Fe, Al, Mn, pH and Hco3 in a same group and Na, K, Cl, So4-2, Ca, and NO3 in the other group. The three-dimensional graph of the main analysis compound also confirms the correlation between these groups. There is a large quantity of iron in coal mine drainage which is due to the pyrite oxidation and high quantity of aluminum as a result of biochemical reactions of the fluid sulfate.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluating the potential impact of Agdarband coal mining on water quality, NE Iran

DeZuane J. 1997. Handbook of drinking water quality: John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Kronbauer MA, Izquierdo M, Dai S, Waanders FB, Wagner NJ, Mastalerz M, Hower JC, Oliveira ML, Taffarel SR, BizaniD. 2013. Geochemistry of ultra-fine and nano-compounds in coal gasification ashes: A synoptic view. Science of the Total Environment 456, 95-103.

Mendiguchía C, Moreno C, García-Vargas M. 2007. Evaluation of natural and anthropogenic influences on the Guadalquivir River (Spain) by dissolved heavy metals and nutrients. Chemosphere 69, 1509-1517.

Prasad B, Bose J. 2001. Evaluation of the heavy metal pollution index for surface and spring water near a limestone mining area of the lower Himalayas. Environmental Geology 41, 183-188.

Ruttner AW. 1984. The pre-Liassic basement of the eastern Kopet Dagh rang: Neuse Jahrbuch fur geologie und palantologie. Abhandlungen 168, 256-268.

Ruttner AW. 1991. Geology of the Aghdarband area(Kopet Dagh NE Iran). Abhandlungen Der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 38, 7-79.

Ruttner AW. 1993. Southern borderland of Triassic Laurasia in northeast Iran. Geologisches Rundschau 82, 110-120.

Tamasi G, CiniR. 2004. Heavy metals in drinking waters from Mount Amiata (Tuscany, Italy). Possible risks from arsenic for public health in the Province of Siena. Science of the Total Environment 327, 41-51.

TariqSR, ShahMH, Shaheen N, Khalique A, ManzoorS, Jaffar M. 2006. Multivariate analysis of trace metal levels in tannery effluents in relation to soil and water: A case study from Peshawar, Pakistan. Journal of Environmental Management 79, 20-29.

Tiwary R. 2001. Environmental impact of coal mining on water regime and its management. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 132, 185-199.

Tokahoglu S, Kartal S, Elci L. 2002. Determination of trace metals in waters by FAAS after enrichment as metal-HMDTC complexes using solid phase extraction. Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society 23, 693-698.

Toler LG. 1982. Some chemical characteristics of mine drainage in Illinois: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-416, 47.

Younger PL. 2004. Environmental impacts of coal mining and associated wastes: a geochemical perspective. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 236, 169-209.