Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Evaluation and selection of introduced and released hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) varieties for pod yield and quality in Southern Ethiopia

Research Paper | June 1, 2017

| Download 18

SH. Abrham, N. Mandefro, A. Sentayehu

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.10( 6), 68-75, June 2017


IJAAR 2017 [Generate Certificate]


The field experiment was conducted using 19 pepper genotypes at two locations in wolaita zone, Ethiopia, in 2014/15 using Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications to evaluate the performance and select the best variety in terms of pod yield and quality. ANOVA indicated there was significant difference (p=0.05) among genotypes in all tested parameters. At Wolaita Sodo the highest fresh pod yield (22,173kg/ha) and the lowest (9,432kg/ha) was recorded for treatments 2 and 7, respectively with yield range of 12,741kg/ha. The highest (4,404.3kg/ha) and lowest (646.2kg/ha) dry pod yield was observed for treatments 13 and 11, respectively having dry pod range of 3,758.1kg/ha due to difference in varieties. Similarly, at Areka the highest fresh pod yield (35,999kg/ha) was recorded by treatment 10 whereas the lowest yield (15,329kg/ha) was observed by treatments 7 and 9, respectively. The highest dry pod yield (5,269.4kg/ha) recorded by treatments 13 and the lowest (1098.7kg/ha) was scored for treatment 11. Fruit quality showed significant difference among genotypes. The highest fruit length (146.45 cm) was recorded for treatment 1 and that of the highest width (73.99 cm) was recorded for treatment 11 followed by (73.80 cm) treatment 12. The result revealed that some introduced genotypes performed better than local ones in terms of yield and quality. Therefore, varieties (treatments 2,3,4,10,12, 13) are selected ones and must be promoted. Further, some varieties which performed best in specific location need to be tested across locations and seasons.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation and selection of introduced and released hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) varieties for pod yield and quality in Southern Ethiopia

Alemu H, Ermias A. 2000. Horticultural crops production and associated constraints in Northwest Ethiopia. Working paper. Agricultural Economics Research Division. Agricultural Research Center, Adet, Ethiopia.

Amit K, Ahad I, KumarV, Thakur S. 2014. Genetic variability and correlation studies for growth and yield characters in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops 23(2), 170–177. www.indianspicesociety.in/josac/index.php/josac

Berke T. 2002. The Asian vegetable research and development center pepper project. Proceedings of the 16th International Pepper conference Tampico, November 10-12, 2002, Tamaulipas, Mexico, pp. 1-16.

Bonsu KO, Owusu EO, Nkansah GO, Oppong-Konadu E, Adu-Dapaah H. 2003. Morphological characterization of hot pepper (Capsicum sp.) Germplasm in Ghana. Journal Horticulture 2, 17-23.

Bosland PW, Votava EJ. 2000. Peppers, Vegetables and Spices Capsicum. CABIPublishing. New York. 198p.

CSA (Central Statistical Authority of Ethiopia). 2006. Agricultural sample survey. 2005/2006 Report on area and production of crops. Statistical bulletin 1, 361. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

EEPA (Ethiopian Export Promotion Agency). 2003. Spice Potential and Market Study. Product Development and Market Research Directorate, Addis Ababa.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. 2nd Ed. John Wiley and Sons.inc., New York.

Juroszek P, Tsai HH. 2009. Yields of Organically Grown Sweet Pepper Cultivars and Lines during the Hot-wet and Cool-dry Season in the Tropics. Hort Technology April-June 2009 vol. 19(2), 418-422.

MoARD (Minsitry of Agriculture and Rural Development). 2007. Crop Variety Register, Crop Development Department: Issue No 10, June 2007. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Nkansah GO, Ayarna A, Gbokie TJ. 2011. Morphological and Yield Evaluation of Some Capsicum Pepper Lines in Two Agro-Ecological Zones of Ghana. Journal of Agronomy 10, 84-91.

Omotayo A, Ribeiro C, Oluleye AK, Fajinmi A. 2014. Introduction and participatory evaluation of exotic cultivars of pepper (Capsicum spp.) among small holder farmers in South-Western Nigeria: Proceedings of the International Conference on Agriculture and the Environment, San Diego, USA, Ocotber, 2014.

Peter KV. 2012. Handbook of herbs and spices. 2nd Ed. Vol.1, Wood head Publishing Limited, New Delhi.

Poulos JM. 1993. Pepper breeding. In Breeding of Solonaceaeous and Cole crops. Research Journal of the American Society for horticultural Science 129, 826-832.

Raghavan S. 2007. Handbook of Spices, Seasonings, and flavorings, CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, New York.

Roukens O. 2005. Export Potential of Ethiopian Oleoresins. Ethiopian Export Promotion Department, Ethiopia 7-14.

Russo MV. 2012. Peppers: Botany, Production and Uses, CAB International, USA.

Sileshi D, Derbew B, Ali M, Yehenew G. 2014. Evaluation of Elite Pepper Varieties (Capsicum spp.) for Growth, Dry Pod yield and Quality under Jimma Condition, South West Ethiopia. International Journal of Agri. Research 9 (7), 364-374, 2014. ISSN 1816-4897 DOI: 10.3923/ijar.2014.364-374.

Singh PK, Kumar A, Ahad I. 2014. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in yield contributing characters in chilli, Capsicum annum L. Int. Journal of Farm Sciences 4(4), 104-111, 2014.

Sintayehu MM. 2011. Growth and Yield Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum species) Varieties to Different Mulches at Jimma, South Western Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis, Jimma University college of agriculture and veterinary medicine. Jimma, Ethiopia.