Evaluation of acute toxicity and behavioral response of herbicide pendimethalin to freshwater fish Channa punctata (Bloch)

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Research Paper 01/10/2018
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Evaluation of acute toxicity and behavioral response of herbicide pendimethalin to freshwater fish Channa punctata (Bloch)

Pramathesh Kalita, Kamal Choudhury
Int. J. Biosci.13( 4), 111-120, October 2018.
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The aquatic animals specially the fishes are highly sensitive to the changes in their surrounding environment, including increasing pollution of water bodies that are directly exposed to the toxic chemicals like pesticides and herbicides. Though these are beneficial in agricultural fields for insect-pest and weed management, because of their uncontrolled spraying these chemicals may cause severe damage to the aquatic fauna specially fishes and human being through food chain. Herbicide pendimethalin is one of the broadly used chemicals in agricultural field to control weeds. In the present investigation, acute toxicity test (96 h) was conducted in semi static system to evaluate the lethal toxicity of pendimethalin EC (98.8%) by “probit analysis” method, as well as its safe level to freshwater fish, Channa punctata (Bloch) and the behavioural response of exposed fishes. The 96 h LC50 value was calculated and found to be 2.20 mg/L indicating that pendimethalin is toxic to the fish species under study. The safe levels estimated by different methods for pendimethalin showed large variation (0.110-0.000220). In addition to dose and dose-time dependant increase in mortality rate, behavioral changes like hyperactivity, increased swimming, faster opercular activity etc. were also observed in response to the test chemical. On the basis of the present study we should restrict indiscriminate use of this herbicide in near aquatic bodies.


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