Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | June 1, 2014

VIEWS 1
| Download 2

Evaluation of agricultural crops biodiversity in Iran: a case study in Kermanshah province during 2003-2012

Shahla Allahyari, Saeid Jalali Honarmand, Farzad Mondani, Mahmood Khoramivafa

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(6), 206-213, June 2014

Certification:

JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Plants and animals biodiversity affects the ecological functions of natural and agricultural systems. Therefore, reduction of biodiversity can be a serious threat for survival of ecological systems. Data were carefully provided from Ministry of Agriculture of Iran during 2003-2012. The results of diversity indexes indicated high biodiversity in Kermanshah province. They showed that a diversity of agricultural products, including field and horticultural crops, are cultivated in Kermanshah province. Of the different counties in the province, Paveh and Harsin had the highest Shannon index while Qasr-e-Shirin had the lowest value. The trend of Shannon species diversity index of the agricultural crops showed significant temporal variations over 2003-2012 and also among the counties of the province. Shannon species diversity index for the agricultural crops in the province over 2003-2012 showed the highest and lowest values in 2010 (1.77) and 2005 (1.49), respectively. The overall trend of Shannon index of the agricultural crops of the province was increasing during these 10 years.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation of agricultural crops biodiversity in Iran: a case study in Kermanshah province during 2003-2012

Altieri MA. 1999. The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 73, 19–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(99)00028-6

Barnes BV. 1998. Forest ecology, John Wiley and Sons. INC 773 pp.

Didier LeC, Jacques B, Françoise B, Claudine Th. 2002. Why and how we should study field boundary biodiversity in an agrarian landscape context. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 89, 23–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00316-4

Falco S, Bezabih M, Yesuf M. 2010. Seeds for livelihood: Crop biodiversity and food production in Ethiopia. Ecological Economics. 69, 1695–1702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.03.024

Foley JA, DeFries R, Asner GP, Barford C, Bonan G, Carpenter SR, Chapin FS, Coe MT, Daily GC, Gibbs HK, Helkowski JH, Holloway T, Howard EA, Kucharik CJ, Monfreda C, Patz GA, Prentice IC, Ramankutty N, Snyder PK (2005).  Global  consequences  of  land  use.  Science 309, 570–573.

Ghorbani R. 2010. Ecology. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Press.

Godfray HCJ, Beddington JR, Crute IR, Haddad L, Lawrence D, Muir JF, Pretty J, Robinson S, homas SM, Toulmin C. 2010. Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science 327, 812–818.

Jackson LE, Rosenstock T, Thomas M, Wright J, Symstad A. 2009. Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use. In: Naeem S, Bunker D, Hector A, Loreau M, Perrings, C. (Eds.). Biodiversity and Human Impacts. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 178–193 (Chapter 13).

Jenkins MA Parker. 1998. Composition and diversity of woody vegetation in silvicultural openings of southern Indiana forests, Forest Ecology and Management 109, 57-73.

Koocheki A, NasiriMahallati M, ZareaFizabadi A, Jahanbin M. 2005. Diversity of cropping systems in Iran (In Persian with English Abstrac) Pajouhesh & Sazandegi. 63, 70 – 83.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. London: Croom Helm.

Meff GK, Carroll CR. 1997. Principle of Conservation Biology, 2 th ed. Sinaucr Associates, Sunderland.

Naeem S, Li S.1995. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem reliability. Nuture. 390, 505-509.

NasiriMahallati M, Kooheki A, Rezvani P, Beheshti A. 2002. Agroecology (Translation). Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Press.

Pimentel D, Stachow U, Takacs DA, Brubake HW, Dumas AR, oNeil JJAS, Corzillus DB. 1992. Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems Biosience. 32, 353-362.

Power AG. 2010. Ecosystem services and agriculture: tradeoffs and synergies. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 365, 959–2971.

Smale E, Meng JP, Brennan N, Hu R. 2003. Determinants of spatial diversity in modern wheat: example from Australia and china. Agricultural Economics. 28, 13-26. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1574-0862.2003.tb00131.x

Stocking M. 1999. Agrobiodiversity: A positive means of addressing land degradation and suitable rurallivelihoods. In: Conacher, A. J. (Ed.), Land Degradation; Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 1-16.

Thrupp LA. 1998. Cultivating diversity: agrrobiodiversity and food security. World Resources Institute, Washington D.C.

Tilman D, Fargione J, Wolff B, D’Antonio C, Dobson A, Howarth R, Schindler D, Schlesinger WH, Simberloff D, Swackhamer D. 2001. Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change. Science 292, 281–283. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1126/science.1057544

Tscharntke T, Klein AM, Kruess A, Steffan-Dewenter I, Thies C. 2005. Landscape perspectives on gricultural intensification and biodiversity– ecosystem service management. Ecology Letters. 8, 857–873. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461 -0248.2005.00782.x

Tscharntke T, Clough Y, Wanger TH, Jackson L. 2012. Global food security, biodiversity conservation and future of agricultural intensification. Biological Conservation 151, 53-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.01.068

Vandermeer J, Perfecto I. 1995. Breakfast of biodiversity: thetruth about rainforest destruction. Food First Books, Oakland,185 pp.

Vigouroux Y, Barnaud A, Scarcell N, Thuillet AC. 2011. Biodiversity, evolution and adaptation of cultivated crops. C. R. Biologies. 334, 450–457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crvi.2011.03.003

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background