Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | July 1, 2016

VIEWS 9
| Download

Evaluation of allelic variation for HMW glutenin subunits through SDS-PAGE in diverse bread wheats

Hidayat Ullah, Habib Ahmad, Armghan Shahzad, Ahmad Ali, Ghulam Muhammad Ali

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.9(1), 203-214, July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.1.203-214

Certification:

IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

High-molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) play a key role in determining end-use quality of common wheat by estimating the viscoelastic properties of dough and flour. We analyzed the HMW-GS subunit composition and variation at the Glu-1 locus in a core collection of 7 diverse groups of wheat genotypes. Fourteen different wheat standards were utilized for allocating allelic designations to HMW glutenin subunit mobility by SDS-PAGE. Scoring of high HMW-GS subunits in the evaluated genotypes was based on standard electrophoresis patterns using the Payne and Lawrence scoring system. A total of eighteen alleles among the germplasm at Glu-1 loci were detected, 3 at the Glu-A1locus, 11 at the Glu-B1and 4 at the Glu-D1 locus. Thirty four different combinations of HMW-GS alleles were found and higher variations occurred at the Glu-B1 locus compared to Glu-A1 and Glu-D1 loci with relatively high diversity (H=0.83). The distribution of allelic patterns varied among these seven groups and high genetic polymorphism in HMW-GS composition was observed. Together, 45.65% of the alleles detected were rare alleles. Glu-A1a (1Ax1), Glu-A1c (null), Glu-B1a (1Bx7), Glu-B1h (1Bx17 + 1By18), and Glu-D1a (1Dx2 + 1Dy12) alleles were found most frequently at Glu-D1 locus, the frequency of the superior alleles 1Dx5+1Dy10 (50.00%) was observed in maximum genotypes than the inferior allele 1Dx2+1Dy12 (40.83%). The high quality score for HMW glutenin subunits found in the studied genotypes are potential sources of desirable quality traits to be used in main wheat breeding programs for improving bread- baking quality.

VIEWS 9

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation of allelic variation for HMW glutenin subunits through SDS-PAGE in diverse bread wheats

An X, Qiaoyun L, Yueming Y, Yinghua X, Hsam SLK, Zeller FJ. 2005. Genetic diversity of European spelt wheat (Triticumaestivum ssp. Spelta L. em. Thell.) revealed by glutenin subunit variations at the Glu-1and Glu-3 loci. Euphytica 146, 193-201.

Anon. 1998. Wheat Cultivar Electrophoresis. Cereal Research Centre. Canada. http://res.agr.ca/winn/wce htm.

AnX, Zhang Q, Yan Y, Li Q,Zhang Y, Wang A, Pei Y, Tian J, Wang H, Hsam SLK, Zeller FJ. 2006. Cloning and molecular characterization of three novel LMW-iglutenin subunit genes from cultivated einkorn (Triticum monococcum L.). Theoretical Applied Genetics 113, 383-195.

Branlard   Dardevet-Amiour GN, Igrejas G. 2003. Allelic diversity of HMW and LMW glutenin subunits and omegag liadins in French bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 50, 669-679.

Bushuk W. 1998. Wheat breeding for end-product use. Euphytica 100,137-145.

Chaparzadeh N, Sofalian O, Javanmard A, Hejazi MS, Zarandi L. 2008. Study of glutenin subunits in some wheat landraces from northwest of Iran by SDS-PAGE technique. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 10, 101-104.

Cornish GB. 2005. Personal communication. Based on the data from Austria and CIMMYT databases.

Das BK, Bhagwat SG, Marathe SA, Sharma A, Rao VS. 2001. Screening of Indian wheat cultivars for the Glu-D1d allele (HMW-glutenin subunits 5+10) by PCR. Annual Wheat Newsletter 47, 62-63.

Dessalegn T, Vandeventer CS, Labuschagne MT, Martens H. 2011. Allelic variation of HMW glutenin subunits of ethiopian bread wheat cultivars and their quality. African Crop Science Journal 19, 55-63.

Dong K, Hao CY, Wang AL, Cai MH, Yan YM. 2009. Characterization of HMW Glutenin Subunits in Bread and Tetraploid Wheats by Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liqui Chromatography. Cereal Research Commination 37, 65-73.

Duveiller E, Singh RP, Nicol JM. 2007. The challenges of maintaining wheat productivity: pests, diseases, and potential epidemics. Euphytica 157, 417-430.

Gale KR. 2005. Diagnostic DNA markers for quality traits in wheat. Journal of Cereal Science 41, 181-192.

Gianibelli MC, Larroque OR, MacRitchie F, Wrigley CW. 2001. Biochemical, genetic and molecular characterization of wheat glutenin and its component subunits. Cereal Chemistry 78, 635-646.

Goyal A, Prasad R. 2010. Some Important Fungal Diseases and their Impact on wheat Production. In: Arya A, PerelloAev. (Eds) Management of fungal plant pathogens. CABI p. 362.

Gras PW, Carpenter HC, Anderssen RS. 2000. Modelling the developmental rheology of wheat flour dough using extension tests. Journal of Cereal Science 31, 1-13.

Graybosch RA. 1992. High molecular weight glutenin subunit composition of cultivars, germplasm, and parents of U.S. red winter wheat. Crop Science 32, 1151-1155.

Gupta PK, Varshney RK, Sharma PC, Ramesh B. 1999. Molecular markers and their applications in wheat breeding. Plant Breeding 18, 369-3902.

He ZH, Liu L, Xia XC, Liu JJ, Pena RJ. 2005. Composition of HMW and LMW glutenin subunits and their effects on dough properties, pan bread, and noodle quality of Chinese bread wheats. Cereal Chemistry 82, 345-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-007-9242-5 http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003888116674    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025077005401

Hua C, Takata K, Yang-Fen Z, Tatsuya, Ikeda M, Yanaka M. 2005. Novel high molecular weight glutenin subunits at the Glue-D1 locus in wheat landraces from the Xinjing District of China and relation with winter habit. Breeding Science 55, 459-463.

Kasarda DD. 1999. Glutenin polymers: The invitro to invivo transition. Food World 44, 566-71.

Li Y, Chengyan H, Xinxia S, Qingqi F, Genying L, Xiusheng C. 2009. Genetic variation of wheat glutenin subunits between landraces and varieties and their contributions to wheat quality improvement in china. Euphytica 169, 159-168.

Liu SW, Gao X, Lu BR, Xia GM. 2008. Characterization of the genes coding for the high molecular weight glutenin subunits in Lophopyrum elongatum. Hereditary 145, 48-57.

Luo C, Griffin, WB, Branlard G, McNeil DL. 2001. Comparison of low and high molecular weight wheat glutenin allele effects on flour quality. Theoretical Applied Genetics 2, 1088-1098.

Mackie AM, Lagudah ES, Sharp PJ, Lafiandra D. 1996. Molecular and biochemical characterization of HMW glutenin subunits from T. tauschiiand the D genome of hexaploid wheat. Journal of Cereal Science 23, 213-225.

Masood M, Asghar AM, Anwar R. 2004. Genetic diversity in wheat landraces from Pakistan based on polymorphism for high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-Gs). Pakistan Journal of Botany 36 (4), 835-843.

McIntosh R, Dubcovsky J, Rogers J, Morris C, Appel R, Xia XC. 2013. Catalogue of gene symbols for wheat. In: 12th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Yokohama Japan.

Morgunov AI, Pena RJ, Crossa J, Rajaram S. 1993. Worldwide distribution of Glu-A1 allele in bread Wheat. Journal of Genetics and Breeding 47, 53-60.

Nakamura H. 2000a. Allelic variation at high-molecular-weight glutenin subunit loci, Glu-A1, Glu-B1 and Glu-D1, in Japanese and Chinese hexaploid wheats. Euphytica 112, 187-193.

Nakamura H. 2000b. Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station. Annual Wheat Newsletter 46, 66 pp.

Nei M. 1973. Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 70, 3321-3323.

Ng PKW, Pogna EN. 1989. Glu-1 allele composi-tions of the wheat cultivars registered in Canada. Journal of Genetics and Breed 43, 53-59.

Payne PI, Holt LM, Jackson EA. Law CN. 1984. Wheat storage proteins: their genetics and their potential for manipulation by plant breeding. Philoso-phical Transactions of the Royal Society London 304, 359-371.

Payne PI, Holt LM, Law CN. 1981. Structural and genetical studies on the high weight subunits of wheat glutenin. 1. Allelic variation in subunits among of wheat (Triticumaestivum). Theoretical Applied Genetics 60, 229-236.

Payne PI, Lawrence GJ. 1983. Catalogue of alleles for the complex loci, Glu-A1, Glu-B1and Glu-D1 which coded for high-molecular-weight subunits of glutenin in hexaploid wheat. Cereal Research Communication 11, 29-35.

Payne PI, Nightingale MA, Krattiger AF, Holt LM. 1987. The relationship between HMW glutenin subunit composition and the bread-making quality of British-grown wheat varieties. Journal of Science and Food Agriculture 40, 51-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740400108

Payne T, Pena RJ. 2006. Personal communication based on the data from CIMMYT databases.

Payne PI, Corfield KG, Blackman JA. 1979. Identification of a high-molecular-weight subunit of glutenin whose presence correlates with bead-making quality in wheats of related pedigree. Theoretical Applied Genetics 55, 153-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00295442

Pena RJ, Zarco-Hernandez J, Mujeeb-Kazi A. 1995. Glutenin subunit compositions and bread making quality characteristics of synthetic hexaploid wheats derived from Triticum turgidum × Triticum tauschii (coss.) Schmal Crosses. Journal of Cereal Science 21, 15-23.

Pogna NE, Mellini F, Beretta A, Dalbelin-Deruffo A. 1989. The high molecular weight glutenin subunit of common wheat cultivars grown in Italy. Journal of Genetics and Breeding 43, 17-24.

Popa M, Gregova E, Kraic J. 2003. Romanian wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) landraces characterized by seed storage proteins. Biodiversity. FAO 135, 53-58.

Rabinovich SV, Leonov OY, Pena RG. 2000. The history of ancient and modern Ukrainian wheat cultivars used in breeding spring wheat cultivars of the U.S., Mexico, and eastern Europe and an analysis of their HMW-glutenin structure. Annual Wheat Newsletter 46, 157-172.

Rabinovich SV. 1998. Composition of high molecular weight glutenin subunits connected with good quality in spring wheats and its distribution in different countries of world. 9th Int. Wheat Genetics Symposium 4, 254-256.

Rasheed A, Mahmood T, Kazi AG, Ghafoor A, Mujeeb-Kazi A. 2012. Allelic variation and composition of HMW-GS in advanced lines derived from D-genome synthetic hexaploid/bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology 15(1), 1-7.

Rodriguez-Quijano M, Nieto-Taladriz MT, Gomez M, Vazquez JF, Carrillo JM. 2001. “Quality influence comparison of some x-and y-type HMW-glutenin subunits coded by Glu-D1 locus In: Z. Bedo, L. Lang (Eds.), Wheat in a Global Environment. Kluwer Academic Publishers, the Netherlands 189-194 pp.

Sajjad M, Khan SH, Maqbool R, Ather A, Iqbal N. 2012. Selection of Pakistani and CIMMYT wheat lines for better grain yield and quality. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14,645-649.

Shewry PR, HalfordNG, Tatham AS. 1992. The high molecular weight subunits of wheat glutenin. Journal of Cereal Science 15, 105-120.

Shewry PR, Tatham AS, Barro F, Barcelo P, Lazzeri P. 1995. Biotechnology of bread making: unravelling and manipulating the multi-protein gluten complex. Biotechnology 13, 1185-1190.

Sultana T, Ghafoor A, Ashraf M. 2007. Genetic variability in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) of Pakistan based on polymorphism for high molecular weight glutenin subunits. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54, 1159-1165.

Tang Y, Yang W, Wu Y, Li C, Li J, Zou Y, Chen F, Mares D. 2010. Effect of high-molecular-weight glutenin allele, Glu-B1d, from synthetic hexaploid wheat on wheat quality parameters and dry, white, Chinese noodle making quality. Crop Pasture Science 61, 310-320.

Valizadeh M, Shahbazi H, Sofalian O. 2001. Comparative analysis of Iranian Northwest landraces by SDS-PAGE and ACID-PAGE. Abstracts of the XVIth Eucarpia Congress. Edinburgh Scotland.

Wieser H, Zimmermann G. 2000. Comparative investigations of gluten proteins from different wheat species. I. Qualitative and quantitative composition of gluten protein types. European Food Research and Technology 211, 262-268.

William MDH, Pena RJ, Mujeeb-Kazi A. 1993. Seed protein and isozyme variations in Triticumtauschii (Aegilops squarossa). Theoretical Applied Genetics 87, 257-263.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background