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Evaluation of brassica (brassica napus l.) for suitable sowing time under agro-climatic condition of Quetta

Research Paper | October 1, 2018

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Muhammad Nauman Irshad, Zafar Ullah, Abdul Razzaq Raki, Muhammad Sharif, Naseeruddin, Syed Noor-Ud-Din Shah

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.13( 4), 16-28, October 2018


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Pakistan is importing more than 80% edible oil,   as the local edible oil production hardly met 16% of the domestic demand. The total availability of edible oil is 3.523 million tonnes. 2.205 million tonnes of edible oil is imported valuing Rs. 136.920 billion. So, a field trial was conducted during 2015 at Agriculture Research Institute, Quetta. Brassica napus was sown under treatments i.e different sowing dates viz: 26th November, 17th December, 6th January, 27th January, 17th February and 9th March. The crop sown on 26th November ranked first  that produced the highest yield (1266.7 kg ha-1) with the best performing agronomic parameters i.e. 95 cm plant height, 90 pods plant-1, 37 seeds pod-1, 18 g seed index, 24254 kg biological yield ha-1  and 5.21% harvest index. Similarly  Brassica sowing on 9th March  ranked second with 1093.7 kg  yield ha-1 and other agronomic parameters i.e. 89 cm plant height, 83 pods plant-1, 31 seeds pod-1, 16.46 g seed index, 21850 kg biological yield ha-1, and 5% harvest index. However, the crop sown on 17th February showed the lowest performance. It was concluded that the crop sown in November showed good results for Brassica cultivation while February proved non-beneficial economic returns. For the farming communities, it is suggested that sowing of Brassica under agro-ecological conditions of Quetta may be done in November to achieve maximum seed yield.


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Evaluation of brassica (brassica napus l.) for suitable sowing time under agro-climatic condition of Quetta

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