Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Evaluation of genetic diversity of Anthemis haussknechtii and Anthemis altissima populations through agro-morphological characteristics

Research Paper | July 1, 2015

| Download 4

Masoomeh Izadpanah, Ali Alizadeh, Esmaeel Seyedyan

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.7( 1), 403-412, July 2015


JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Anthemis altissima L. and Anthemis haussknechtii are two valuable medicinal plants that antioxidant and antibacterial activity of their essential oil is reported. Most of the medicinal plants are harvested from wild resources. Introducing high yielding varieties could reduce pressure on natural resources and prevent genetic loss. Genetic diversity is the foundation of the improvement of crops. The goal of this investigation is to determine the extent of variability existing among 21 A. haussknechtii and 5 A. altissima populations through agro-morphological characteristics. A total of 8 agro-morphological traits namely, height, flower number, fresh weight, dry weight, percentage of dry matter, plant canopy, GDD(Growing Degree Day) to flowering and GDD to maturity were recorded. Although 5 population of A. altissima were collected from 5 different provinces result of ANOVA and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test showed low diversity among these populations. A. altissima Populations had larger plants with more flowers. According to principal component analysis, the two first components explained 82% of total variability of the data in A. haussknechtii. Results of correlation analysis showed the significant correlations among most of the characters. The first component including plant canopy, height, fresh and dry weight, explained 67% of total variation. Populations of A. haussknechtii were classified into 4 clusters through hierarchical cluster analysis. Based on the result it was recommended that crosses could be made between cluster 1 and cluster 2 to get early matured variety with high flower yield. Wide range of variations among populations suggests good potential for selection in breeding programs.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation of genetic diversity of Anthemis haussknechtii and Anthemis altissima populations through agro-morphological characteristics

Bremer K, Humphries CJ. 1993. Generic Monograph of the Asteraceae-Anthemideae. Bulletin of Natural History Museum London (Botany) 23(2), 71-177.

Bremer K. 1994. Asteraceae,Cladistics and Classification. Timber Press, Portland,Oregon, 750 p.

Dandrea L. 2002. Variation of morphology yield and essential oil components in common chamomile (Chamomilla recutita) cultivation growth in southern Italy. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants 9(4), 359-365.

Golparvar ShR, Ghasemi-Pirbalouti A. 2010. Genetic improvement of essential oil and flower production of German chamomile (Matricaria chammomilla L.) by indirect selection. Journal of Herbal Drugs 1(4), 33-40.

Hamrick JL, Godt MJW. 1989. Allozyme diversity in plant species. In: Brown AHD, Clegg AL, Weir BS, eds. plant population genetics, breeding and genetic resources. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA: Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers, 43-63.

Han J, Zhang W, Cao H, Chen S, Wang Y. 2007. Genetic diversity and biogeography of the traditional Chinese medicine, Gardenia jasminoides, based on AFLP markers. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 35, 138-145.

Khamooshy H. 2012. Evaluation of yield and morphological traits in Tanacetum parthenium, Anthemis pseudocotula, Anthemis tinctoria and Anthemis triumfetti populations, in two different planting date. MSc thesis, Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, Iran.

Konstantinopoulou M, Karioti A, Skaltsas S, Skaltsas H. 2003. Sesquiterpene Lactones from Anthemis altissima and Their Anti-Helicobacter pylori Activity. Journal of Natural Products 66(5), 699–702.

Mozaffarian V. 2008. Flora of Iran no. 59. Compositae: Anthemideae & Echinopeae. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, 443 p.

Oberprieler C. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in Anthemis L. (Compositae, Anthemideae) based on nrDNA ITS sequence variation. Taxon 50, 745–762.

Pirkhezri M, Hassani ME, Fakhr-e-Tabatabaee M. 2008. Evaluation of morphological and phenological characteristics of some chamomile species in two genera; Anthemis and Matricaria. Journal of horticultural science 23(2), 119-130.

Pirkhezri M, Hassani ME, Hadian J. 2010. Genetic diversity in different populations of Matricaria chamomilla l. growing in southwest of Iran, based on morphological and RAPD markers. Research Journal of Medicinal Plant 4(1), 1-13.

Rahimmalek M, Sayed Tabatabaei BE, Arzani A, Etemadi N. 2009. Assessment of genetic diversity among and within Achillea species using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP). Biochemical Systematic and Ecology 37, 353-361.

Sajjadi SE, Ghassemi N, Shokoohinia Y. Moradi H. 2013. Essential oil composition of flowers of Anthemis odontostephana boiss. Var. Dontostephana. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 16(2), 247-251.

Salamon l. 1994. Growing condition and essential oil of chamomile. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal plants 2(2), 31-37.

Salehi P, Sonboli A, Barami Z, Mazraati F. 2008. Chemical constituent of the essential oil and antioxidant activity of various extracts of Anthemis haussknechtii. Planta Medica 9(74), 1196-1196.

Samadi N, Manayi A, Vazirian M, Samadi M, Zeinalzadeh Z, Saghari Z, Abadian N., Mozaffarian V, Khanavi M. 2012. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Anthemis altissima L. var. altissima. Natural Product Research 26(20), 1931-1934.

Schlichting CD. 2002. Phenotypic plasticity in plants. Plant Species Biology 17, 85-88.

Schlichting CD. 1986. The evolution of phenotypic plasticity in plants. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 17, 667-693.

Solouki M, Mehdikhani H, Zeinali H, Emamjomeh AA. 2008. Study of genetic diversity in Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) based on morphological traits and molecular markers. Scientia Horticulturae 117(3), 281-287.

Tarighi M, Salehi Shanjani P. 2013. Genetic diversity of Anthemis tinctoria l., Matricaria recutita l. and Tripleurospermum sevanense (Manda) pobed populations using total proteins and its association with geographical factors. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal 29(4), 791-803.

Vuckovic I, Vuisic LJ, Vajs V, Tesevic V, Janackovic P, Milos avljevic S. 2006. Phytochemical investigation of Anthemis cotula. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 71(2), 127-133.

Ward J H. 1963. Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. Journal of the American Statistical Association 58, 238-244.

Williams CA, Greenham J, Harborne JB. 2001. The role of lipophilic and polar flavonoids in the classification of temperate members of the Anthemideae. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 29(9), 929 –945.