Evaluation of growth and morphological traits of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) cultivars under field conditions

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Research Paper 01/02/2014
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Evaluation of growth and morphological traits of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) cultivars under field conditions

Hadith Kamangar, Asad Rokhzadi, Sadra Hesami
J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 2), 53-57, February 2014.
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Seven cultivars of strawberry (Paros, Ventana, Queen Elisa, Camarosa, Selva, Mrak and Kurdistan) were evaluated under field conditions. Different growth and morphological parameters and plant yield were studied in this experiment. The greatest amount of plant yield was obtained from Queen Elisa cultivar and the lowest rate of plant yield was recorded by Selva cultivar. Plant yield was significantly correlated with flowers and fruits number, whereas the correlation between plant yield and fruit weight was low and not significant. Furthermore fruit weight was negatively correlated with flowers and fruits number indicating a reverse relationship between the number and the weight of fruits suggesting that strawberry plant yield is a function of fruits number rather than fruit size. In conclusion selection for high yielding strawberries based on high numbers of fruits and flowers can be more effective rather than fruit size or weight.


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