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Evaluation of hepatotoxicity induced by colorectal cancer chemotherapy in an Algerian population

Research Paper | February 1, 2020

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Haoud Khadidja, Mellali Sarah, Kerouaz Lilia, Merhoul Fatima Zohra, Kebir Rajaa

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 2), 241-251, February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.241-251


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Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is a malignant tumor that originates in the cells of the colon or rectum. Chemotherapy, alone or combined with other treatments, have largely contributed to the improvement of the survival of the patients, however their side effects can appear at any time in particular liver damage. The objective of our study was to evaluate the toxicity of treatments used in chemotherapy of CRC, and more particularly to determine their hepatotoxicity. For this purpose, we carried out a retrospective analytical epidemiological study, going from February to May 2019, including 109 patients with CRC and undergoing anticancer chemotherapy at the Anti Cancer Center (CAC) of Sidi Bel Abbes. Our patients developed hepatotoxicity in 43.04% of cases, resulting in increased levels of liver parameters, transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, gamma GT, total and direct bilirubin’s. Our work suggests that the anti-cancer therapies used may be responsible for hepatotoxicity; This shows that dosage adjustment and established prevention measures are insufficient.


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Evaluation of hepatotoxicity induced by colorectal cancer chemotherapy in an Algerian population

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