Evaluation of light pollution awareness and residential lights in Pasig City

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2021
Views (588) Download (152)

Evaluation of light pollution awareness and residential lights in Pasig City

Rose Ann Bautista, Peachy Mae Turalba, Joanna Jane Cabuguazon
J. Bio. Env. Sci.19( 6), 30-37, December 2021.
Certificate: JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Light pollution is unwanted or excessive artificial light. This research study aimed to know the residential artificial light source of Pasig City and their awareness of light pollution by using a simple survey questionnaire. This study reveals that the residents are unaware of light pollution and its effect on animals, plants, humans, and the environment. Most people are sleeping with lights on and turning it off from 12:00 am to 2:00 am. Also, most of the respondents answered that streetlights, light bulbs, residential lights, business establishments, and car headlights are their primary light sources. It is notable that based on the study result, the light condition on a usual night outside the residences is in fair brightness, which is also their ideal light condition. Light trespass is the typical type of light pollution that may be observed in the City. It is essential to deliver and provide facts and information about light pollutions and its effect on the community and the industry. The creation of policies is advisable to minimize and control light pollution in municipalities.


Bará S, Escofet J. 2018. On lamps, walls, and eyes: The spectral radiance field and the evaluation of light pollution indoors. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 205, 267-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.09.022

Bashiri F. 2014. Light pollution and its effect on the environment. International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences (IJFPS) 4(1), 8-12.

Brady J. 2017. These Energy-Saving Bulbs Are Making One Pollutant Much Worse Retrieved from https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/11/lightpollutionenergyLEDbulbsspd/

Bray MS, Young ME. 2012. Chronobiological Effects on Obesity. Current obesity reports 1(1), 9-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-011-0005-4

Brons J, Bullough J, Rea M. 2008. Outdoor site-lighting performance: A comprehensive and quantitative framework for assessing light pollution. Lighting Research & Technology, 40(3), 201-224. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477153508094059

Burne BH. 1972. Pollution By Light. The Lancet 18, 642

Cinzano P, Falchi F, Elvidge CD. 2001. The first world atlas of the artificial night sky brightness. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 328, 689-707.

Cinzano P, Falchi F. 2014. Quantifying light pollution. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 139, 13-20.

Doll CNH. 2008. CIESIN thematic guide to nighttime light remote sensing and its applications. Palisades, NY: Center for International Earth Science Information Network of Columbia University.

Dunnett O. 2014. Contested landscapes: the moral geographies of light pollution in Britain. Cultural Geographies 22(4), 619-636. https://doi.org/10.1177 /1474474014542746

Elsahragty M, Kim JL. 2015. Assessment and Strategies to Reduce Light Pollution Using Geographic Information Systems. Procedia Engineering 118, 479-488. https://doi.org/10.1016 /j.proeng.2015.08.458

Elvidge CD, Baugh K, Kihn EA, Kroehl HW, Davis ER. 1997. Mapping city lights with nighttime data from the DMSP Operational Linescan System. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 63(6), 727-734.

Fletcher JM, Crampton D. 1973. An Astronomical View of High-Pressure Sodium Lamps. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 85, 275. https://doi.org/10.1086/129451

Gallaway T, Olsen RN, Mitchell DM. 2010. The economics of global light pollution. Ecological Economics 69(3), 658-665.

Hale JD, Davies G, Fairbrass AJ, Matthews TJ, Rogers CDF, Sadler JP. 2013. Mapping lightscapes: Spatial patterning of artificial lighting in an urban landscape. PloS One 8, 1-15.

Horvath H. 2014. Basic optics, aerosol optics, and the role of scattering for sky radiance. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 139, 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.

Kocifaj M. 2007. Light-pollution model for cloudy and cloudless night skies with ground-based light sources. Applied Optics 46(15), 3013.

Kogevinas M, Garcia-Saenz A, de Miguel AS, Pollán M, Llorca J, Amiano P, Sánchez VM, Guevara M, Capelo R, Aubé M. 2018. Exposure to Artificial Light-at-Night and Breast and Prostate Cancer Risk in Spain (MCC-Spain study). ISEE Conference Abstracts 2017(1), 523.

Kuechly HU, Kyba CCM, Ruhtz T, Lindemann C, Wolter C, Fischer J, Holker F. 2012. Aerial survey and spatial analysis of sources of light pollution in Berlin, Germany. Remote Sensing of Environment 126, 39-50

Kyba CCM, Garz S, Kuechly H, de Miguel AS, Zamorano J, Fischer J, Hölker F. 2015. High-resolution imagery of Earth at night: New sources, opportunities and challenges. Remote Sensing 7, 1-23.

Kyba CCM, Wanger JM, Kuechly HU, Walker CE, Elvidge CD, Falchi F, … Holker F. 2013a. Citizen science provides valuable data for monitoring global night sky luminance. Scientific Reports 3, 1-6.

Levin N, Johansen K, Hacker JM, Phinn S. 2014. A new source for high spatial resolution night time images- The EROS-B commercial satellite. Remote Sensing of Environment 149, 1-12.

Li X, Ge L, Chen X. 2014. Quantifying contribution of land-use types to nighttime light using an unmixing model. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 11, 1667-1971.

Luarte T, Bonta C, Silva-Rodriguez E, Quijón P, Miranda C, Farias A, Duarte C. 2016. Light pollution reduces activity, food consumption and growth rates in a sandy beach invertebrate. Environmental Pollution 218, 1147-1153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.08.068

Lyytimäki J, Rinne J. 2013. Voices for the darkness: online survey on public perceptions on light pollution as an environmental problem. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 10(2), 127-139.

Lyytimäki J, Tapio P, Assmuth T. 2012. Unawareness in environmental protection: The case of light pollution from traffic. Land Use Policy 29(3), 598-604. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.

National Geographic. 2019. Light Pollution. December 9, 2019. https://www.nationalgeographic. org/article/light-pollution.

Operti FG, Oliveira EA, Carmona HA, Machado JC, Andrade JS. 2018. The light pollution as a surrogate for urban population of the US cities. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications 492, 1088-1096. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/ j.physa.2017.11.039

Pauley SM. 2004. Lighting for the human circadian clock: Recent research indicates that lighting has become a public health issue. Medical Hypotheses 63(4), 588-596.

Pun CSJ, So CW, Leung WY, Wong CF. 2014. Contributions of artificial lighting sources on light pollution in Hong Kong measured through a night sky brightness monitoring network. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 139, 90-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jqsrt. 2013.

Rea MS. 2002. Light-much more than vision. Cancer 13, 14.

Riegel KW. 1973. Light pollution. Science 179, 1285-1291.

Rybnikova NA, Haim A, Portnov BA. 2016. Does artificial light-at-night exposure contribute to the worldwide obesity pandemic? International Journal of Obesity 40(5), 815-823. https://doi.org/10.1038 /ijo.2015.255

Stone T. 2017. Light Pollution: A Case Study in Framing an Environmental Problem. Ethics, Policy & Environment 20(3), 279-293. https://doi.org /10.1080 /21550085.2017.1374010

Zou D, Kerouh F. 2018. Estimation of light source colours for light pollution assessment. Environmental Pollution 236, 844-849. https://doi.org/10.1016/j .envpol.2018.02.022