Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Evaluation of phenolic content of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in association to bean fly (Ophiomyia spp.) infestation

Research Paper | March 1, 2019

| Download 20

Gaudencia J. Kiptoo, Miriam G. Kinyua, Oliver K. Kiplagat

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.14( 3), 9-13, March 2019


IJAAR 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Common bean is the most important pulse crop in Kenya, though small scale farmers have limited access to pest resistant seeds. This has therefore made common bean yields remain below 1000kgha-1, while the potential is 2000kgha-1. However phenolics are secondary metabolites present in plants and this could be an attribute contributing to common beans resistance to bean fly infestation. The objective of this study was to devise effective ways of managing bean fly by use of phenolic content present in commercial varieties of common beans. This was achieved by determining the total phenol content of the beans. The bean varieties were; KK 8, Tasha, KK 15 (Resistant check), Chelalang, Wairimu dwarf, Ciankui, GLP 585, Miezi mbili, GLP 2 (Susceptible check), GLP 1004, GLP 24, and GLP 1127. Experimental design was RCBD with three replications. Data collected were subjected to ANOVA, mean values were separated using LSD at 5% level of significance. Chelalang, Tasha, GLP 1004, KK 8, GLP 585 and KK 15 showed resistance and high yields. Phenol content was significant (P< 0.05) in resistant common bean varieties (KK8, Tasha, Chelalang, GLP 585, KK15, and GLP 1004). The common beans which showed significant resistance to bean fly had significant (P< 0.05) high yields of above 1000Kgha-1. Therefore from the study it was evident that presence of phenol content in common beans deters bean fly infestation.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation of phenolic content of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in association to bean fly (Ophiomyia spp.) infestation

Beninger CW, Hosfield GL. 2003. Antioxidant activity of extracts, condensed tannin fractions and pure flavonoids from Phaseolus vulgaris L. seed coat color genotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51, 7879-7883.

Cheruiyot E, Mumera L, Nakhone L, Mwonga S. 2001. Rotational effects of grain legumes on maize performance in the Rift valley highlands of Kenya. African Crop Science Journal 9, 667-676.

Hillocks RJ, Madata SC, Chirwa R, Minja ME, Msolla S. 2006. Phaseolus bean improvement in Tanzania 1956-2005. Euphytica 150, 215-231.

Hillocks R, Waller J. 1997. Soil borne diseases of tropical crops. CAB International, New York. 3-5. Journal of Nutrition 95, 116-123.

Kamneria J. 2007. Study of Incidence and Damage by Bean Fly (Ophiomyia spp) and Grain Yield of Common and Climbing Beans. MSc Thesis. Egerton University, Kenya.

Kimiti J, Odee D, Vanhauwe B. 2009. Grain legumes cultivation and problems faced by small holder farmers in legume production in the semi-arid Eastern Kenya. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 11, 4.

Munyasa AJ. 2013. Evaluation of Drought Tolerance Mechanisms in Mesoamerican Dry Bean Genotypes. University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Mwang’ombe AW, Thiong’o G, Olubayo FM, Kiprop EK. 2007. Occurrence of Root Rot Disease of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Association with Bean Stem Maggot (Ophiomyia spp.) in Embu District 6, 141-146.

Ochilo W, Nyamasyo G. 2011. Pest status of bean stem maggot (Ophiomyia spp.) and black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) in Taita district, Kenya. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 13, 91-97.

Ojwang’ P, Melis R, Songa J, Githiri M. 2010. Genotypic response of common bean to natural field populations of bean fly (Ophiomyia phaseoli) under diverse environmental conditions. Field Crops Research 117, 139-145.

Peter K, Swella G, Mushobozy M. 2009. Effect of Plant Populations on the Incidence of Bean Stem Maggot (Ophiomyia spp.) in Common Bean Intercropped with Maize. Plant Protection 45, 148-155.

Robbins JR, Bean SR. 2004. Development of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography -photodiode array detection measurement system for phenolic acids. Journal of Chromatography 1038, 97-105.

Robbins RJ. 2003. Phenolic acids in foods: An overview of analytical methodology. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51, 2866-2887.

Romani A, Vignolini P, Galardi C, Mulinacci N, Benedettelli S, Heimler D. 2004. Germplasm characterization of Zolfino Landraces (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by flavonoid content. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52, 3838-3842.

Tenuta M. 2001. The role of nitrogen transformation products in the control of soil-borne plant pathogens and pests. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Western Ontario, London.

Toomsan B, Cadisch G, Srichantawong M, Thongsodsaeng M, Giller C, Limpinuntana V. 2000. Biological nitrogen fixation and residual N benefit of pre-rice leguminous crops and green manures. Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 48, 19-29.

Wagara I, Kimani P. 2007. Resistance of nutrient-rich bean varieties to major biotic constraints in Kenya. Africa Crop Science Conference Proceedings 8, 2087-2090.