Int. J. Biosci.11(5), 412-420, November 2017
Pistacia integrrima is a typical therapeutic plant belongs to family Anacardiaceae and local to Japan, China and found in the Northern regions of Pakistan commonly called KakrraSingi (Urdu) and Shanai (Pushto). It is used ethnomedicinally for a number of diseases include fever, cough, asthma, vomiting, Ascaris, Anorexia, Allergy, viral infections, diarrhea, snake and scorpion biting sting. The different parts of the plant roots, leaves, stems, barks, Galls and fruits contains various bioactive compounds like amino acid, alkaloids, sterols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, aromadendrene, Pistacinin, Pistacin, Dihydromalvic acid, Pistacienoic acid, sitosterol, resin, essential oils, caprylic acid, camphene, cineol, sterals, dihydroqueretin and triterpenoids. Antimicrobial activity of chloroform and ethanol leaves extract from Pistacia integrrima reported in many research papers. The leave extract exhibited the fungi growth including Aspergillus flavus, Dreschlera turcica and Fusarium verticillioides. The plant is known to have many biological activities including antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, antioxidant, phytotoxic, cytotoxicity and antiasthmatic. The current review will cover biological activities, phytochemical evaluation, ethnomedicinal uses, ethnobotanical uses and aim to serve as a base for additional investigation and exploitation. The current review shows a gap needed further investigations and isolations of new compound, and its biological activities.
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