Evaluation of salt stress effect in 50 genotypes of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) using different parameters

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Evaluation of salt stress effect in 50 genotypes of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) using different parameters

S. Abdelkader, CH. Ramzi, R. Mustapha, B. Houcine, B. N. M'barek, M. N. Inagaki, B. Abdallah
Int. J. Biosci.11( 2), 11-24, August 2017.
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The identification of traits of tolerance to salinity may contribute to the selection of genotypes that can enhance the saline environments. In this experiment 50 genotypes of durum wheat consisting of 4 Australian lineages, 6 Tunisian cultivars and 40 lines of the ICARDA  were evaluated in saline (150 Mm) and normal condition (tap water). Different agronomic traits, including the total number of tillers per plant, number of tillers per ear, the dry weight (g), the number of spikelets per spike, the average weight of ears, number of seeds per ear, kernel weight (g) and yield (g) were measured to distinguish salt tolerance between genotypes. Salt tolerance indexes (STI) was evaluated. A variable response to salt stress was observed. The air dry matter, the number of tillers per ear, tillering capacity and the kernel weight were the most informative and useful traits for screening for salt tolerance in durum wheat. This analysis allowed us to distinguish 4 lines from ICARDA and 2 Tunisian varieties as the most tolerant to saline stress among all the genotypes analyzed


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