Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Evaluation of the antifungal effect of the aqueous extract of Drimia numidica (Jord. & Fourr. J.C.) from Algerian Northeast to Fusarium solani

Research Paper | October 1, 2017

| Download 2

Saliha Attab, Naziha Bourenane, Fouzia Benaliouche, Louhichi Brinis

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.11( 4), 15-23, October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.4.15-23


IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


At the present time, the world is moving towards sustainable agriculture that supports the production of healthy food and the preservation of the environment. This requires the use of new, effective and biodegradable pesticides. In this context, a study was carried out in order to evaluate in vitro the antifungal activity of the aqueous extract from the bulb of an Algerian Northeastern asparagus Drimia numidica (Jord. & Fourr.) J.C. against fungus Fusarium solani, causal agent of tomato blight. Following preliminary tests, two concentrations of 30 g/l (T2D1) and 50 g/l (T2D2) were chosen. The effect of these two concentrations was examined on the mycelial growth, growth rate and sporulation of the fungus, compared to a negative control (T0), untreated (Malt-Agar medium) and a positive control (Malt-Agar supplemented with a fungicide, T1). Analysis of the variance (ANOVA) reveals very highly significant differences (P = 0.000) between the averages of the four treatments for the different parameters. Concerning the two doses of the aqueous extract, the concentration 50 g/l (T2D2) was more depressed on mycelial growth and sporulation with inhibition rates of 66.15% and 86.91%, respectively, relative to the fungicide which gives 77.58% and 97.19%. These results indicate that the aqueous extract of the bulb of Drimia numidica (Jord. & Fourr.) J.C. possesses an antifungal activity comparable to that of the fungicide. This is probably due to the richness of this organ in bioactive compounds that can be exploited in the biological control of phytopathogenic fungi.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation of the antifungal effect of the aqueous extract of Drimia numidica (Jord. & Fourr. J.C.) from Algerian Northeast to Fusarium solani

Agbenin ON, Marley PS.2006. In vitro assay of some plant extracts against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici causal agent of tomato wilt. Journal of plant protection research, 46(3), 215-220.

Anonymous. 2010. Fiches techniques valorisées des cultures maraîchères et industrielles. La culture de tomate. Institut Technique des Cultures Maraîchères et Industrielles (ITCMI), Algérie 6 p.

Bozorgi M, Amin G, Shekarchi M, Rahimi R. 2017. Traditional medical uses of Drimiaspecies in terms of phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine 37, 124-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-6272(17)300365

Dabé D, Noël ZG, Adolphe Z. 2017. Propriétés antifongiques des légumineuses médicinales de Côte d’Ivoire : cas de Crotalaria retusa L. (Fabaceae) sur la croissance in vitro de Phytophthora sp. Et Fusarium solani, deux champignons phytopathogènes. European Scientific Journal13, 371-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v13n3p371

Dagnelie P. 2009. Statistique théorique et appliquée. Tom 2: Inférence statistique à une et à deux dimensions. Edi. De Boeck et Larcier, Bruxelles, 659 p.

Dobignard D, Chatelain C. 2010. Index synonymique de la Flore d’Afrique du Nord 1, 1-455. Ed. des conservatoire etjardinbotaniques, Genève.

Hammiche V, Merad R, Azzouz M. 2013. Plantes toxiques à usage médicinal du pourtour méditerranéen. Ed. Springer-Verlag, Paris, p. 228-347.

Leslie JF, Summerell BA. 2006. The Fusarium laboratory manual. Blackwell publishing, 388 p.

Minitab Inc. 2016. Statistical software (release 16). Computer software. State college, PA : Minitab, INC (www.minitab.com).

Nikan J, Dehghanpour A.2015. In vitro growth inhibition of Fusarium solani, the causal agent of potato dry rot by Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) extract. Journal of Plant and Pest Science 2(1), 01-07.

Onyeani C A, Osunlaja SO, Oworu OO, Joda AO. 2012. Evaluation of effect of aqueous plant extract in the control of storage fungi. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 1(6), 76-79.

Regnault-Roger C, Philogène BJR, Vincent C. 2008. Biopesticides d’origine végétale. 2e édition, Ed. Lavoisier-Technique et documentation, Paris, p. 15-20.

Sharma B, Srivastava KK, Verma N, Niwas R, Singh M. 2014. Antifungal potential of leaf extract of Datura stramonium L., against some important plant pathogenic fungi. Acta Biologica Indica, 3(1), 659-662.

Snoussi SA. 2010. Rapport de mission : Eude de base sur la tomate en Algérie. Ministère de l’ Agriculture et du développement rural, direction des statistiques (MRAD), Algérie. In: The integrated pest management programme in the Near East, FAO, p. 1- 52.

Spichiger R,Figeat M, Jeanmonod D. 2016. Botanique systématique : avec une introduction aux grands groupes de champignons 4e édition. Ed. Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, p.143-155.

Wang SY, Chen PF Chang ST. 2005. Antifungal activities of essential oils and their constituents from indigenous cinnamon (Cinnamomum osmophloeum) leaves against wooddecay fungi. Bioresource Technology 96, 813-818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.07.0.10