Evaluation of the key success factors of drought management based on knowledge management in Iran

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (272) Download (6)

Evaluation of the key success factors of drought management based on knowledge management in Iran

Parviz Khosravi, Amirhossein Halabian, Mohsen Heydari, Hosseinali Khammary
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 1), 23-29, July 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Drought is a gradual and creeping phenomenon and including a period of abnormal and dry weather conditions, to be Durable enough arises a serious imbalance in regional hydrological situation. Iran due to its geographical and climatic characteristics as many of Middle East and North Africa countries is suffering from an ongoing drought. According to unintended and negative consequences of the complex and multidimensional phenomenon of drought on the growth and development of communities and the other hand, the drought potential in iran, Devise directional mechanisms to coping, control and management of drought is necessary. Significant gap between coordination and sharing of knowledge and information has always been one of the missing links in the crisis management of natural disasters such as drought. Therefore, knowledge management can play an important role in crisis management of drought. During the drought crisis, the experiences of involved organizations and individuals in managing the crisis and record these experiences causes to understand organizations its mistakes and begin enterprise-wide training to Facilitates acquisition, Formalization and sharing of the crisis management. The aim of the paper is to evaluate and prioritize the key success factors of knowledge management based on criterions of effective drought management in Iran. The results show that the use of ICT tools, is the most important success factor in drought management.


Alexander D. 2010. The L’Aquila Earthquake of 6 April 2009 and Italian Government Policy on Disaster Response. Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research 2(4), 325-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19390459.2010.511450

A Review of Drought Occurrence and Monitoring and Planning Activities in the Near East Region. 2008. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for the Near East, Cairo, Egypt.

Chang M, Hung Y, Yen D, Tseng P. 2008. The research on critical success factors of knowledge management and classification framework project in executive Yuan of Taiwan Government. Expert Systems with Applications, 11.

Davis L. 2011. Reducing Disaster Risk 1980-2010: Some Reflections and Speculations. Journal of Environmental Hazards 10, 80-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.3763/ehaz.2011.0009

Deshmukh R, Rodrigues L, Krishnamurthy G. 2008. Earthquake Risk and Knowledge Management. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice 9(3).

Ford K.  2011.  The  Caribbean  Disaster  Mitigation Project. Journal of Environmental Hazards 10, 23-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.3763/ehaz.2011.0003

Galloway G. 2010. Flood Risk Management in the United States and the Impact of Hurricane Katrina. International Journal of River Basin Management 6(4), 301-306.

Gerber B. 2007. Disaster Management in the United States: Examining Key Political and Policy Challenges. The Policy Studies Journal 35(2), 228-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0072.2007.00217.x

Hossain M. 2011. Disaster Management in Bangladesh: Regulatory ans Social Work Prespectives. Journal of Comparative Social Welfare 27(1), 91-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17486831.2011.532978

Johnston D, Pettersson R, Downes G. 2008. Developing an Effective Tsunami Warning System: Lessons from the 1980 Chile Earthquake Tsunami for New Zealand Coastal Communities. Journal of Social Sciences Online 6, 105-120.

Kapucu N. 2008. Collaborative Emergency Management: Better Community Organizing, Better Public Preparedness and Response. Blackwell Publishing. USA. .

Keshavarz M, Karami E, Haghighi A. 2010. A Typology of Farmers’ Drought Management. American-Eurasian Journal Agriculture & Environment Science 7(4), 415-426.

Klijn F, Samuels P, Vanos A. 2008.  Towards Flood Risk Management in the Eu: State of Affairs With Examples from Various European Countries. International Journal of River Basin Management 6(4), 307-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15715124.2008.9635358

Knowledge Management in Disaster Risk Reduction. 2007. Indian Ministry of Home Affairs, National Disaster Management.

Konecny M, Reinhardt W. 2010. Early Warning and Disaster Management: the Importance of Geographic Information. International Journal of Digital Earth 3(3), 217-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17538947.2010.508884

Koustova H. 2010. Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC): A Gateway to Disaster Information Resources. Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries 7, 326-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15424065.2010.527251

Marincioni F. 2007. Information Technologies and the Sharing of Disaster Knowledge: the Critical Role of Professional Culture. Journal of Disasters 31(4), 459-476. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2007.01019.x

Mcguire M. 2010. What if Hurricane Katrina Hit in 2020? The Need for Strategic Management of Disasters. Journal of Public Administration Review 201-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2010.02273.x

Mohanty S, Panda B, Karelia H, Issar R. 2006. Knowledge management in disaster risk reduction: the Indian approach. National Disaster Management Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

Murphy T, Jennex M. 2006. Knowledge Management, Emergency Response, and Hurricane Katrina. International Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems 11(4), 199-208.

Özerdem A. 2010. The ‘responsibility to protect’ in natural disasters: another excuse for interventionism? Nargis Cyclone, Myanmar. Journal of Conflict, Security & Development 693-713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14678802.2010.511511

Ozceylan D, Coskun E. 2008. Defining Critical Success Factors foe Nationl Emergency Management Model and Supporting the Model with Information Systems. 5th International ISCRAM Conference. USA.

Paul BK. 1995. Flood research in Bangladesh: Major findings and future research direction. The 1995 Annual Meeting of the Association of America Geographers, Chicago, USA. .

Queensland Disaster Management Strategic Policy Framework. 2010. Emergency Management Queensland, Department of Community Safety.

Seneviratne K, Baldry D, Pathirage C. 2010. Disaster Knowledge Factors in Managing Disasters Successfully. International Journal of Strategic Property Management 14, 376–390.

Saaty T.L. 1980. The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw Hill, New York..

Sobel R, Leeson P. 2007. The Use Os Knowledge in Natural Disaster Relief Management. 2007. Journal of Independent Review 11(4), 519-532.

Tanner N. 2010. The Importance of Knowledge Management and Trust in Relation to Disaster Response. Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management. 9.

Viljoen MF, Pelser AJ, Steyn MS. 2001. Towards the development of guidelines for the evaluation of social, economic and political impacts of droughts and water scarcity. Departments of Sociology, Agricultural Economics, Political Science and History, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. Report to the Water Research Commission, Pretoria.

Wang W, Belardo S.  2005. Strategic Integration: A Knowledge Management Approache to Crisis Management. 38th Hawaii International Conferenceon System Sciences.

Wilhite D. 2003. Moving toward drought risk management: The need for a global strategy. National Drought Mitigation Center. University of Nebraska: Lincoln.

Yates D, Paquette S. 2011. Emergency Knowledge Management and Social Media Technologies: A Case Study of the 2010 Haitian Earthquake. International Journal of Information Management 31, 6-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2010.10.001

Zaharia M, Leon F, Atanasiu G. 2009. Increasing Awareness to Disasters by Knowledge Management with Intelligent Agents. 10th European Conference on knowledge Management 1, 906-914.