Evaluation on drought and heat tolerance capacity of chickpea

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2017
Views (219) Download (8)

Evaluation on drought and heat tolerance capacity of chickpea

Derya Yücel, Meltem Türkeri, Dürdane Mart, Nigar Angın
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.10( 6), 106-117, June 2017.
Certificate: IJAAR 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the important legumes widely grown for dietary proteins in semi-arid Mediterranean climatic conditions. To evaluate the genetic diversity with improved heat and drought tolerance capacity in chickpea, thirty-four selected chickpea genotypes were tested under different field-growing conditions (rain fed winter sowing, irrigated-late sowing and rain fed-late sowing) in 2015 and 2016 growing seasons. A factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with 3 reps was conducted at the Eastern Mediterranean Research Institute Adana, Turkey. Based on grain yields under different growing conditions, the values of tolerance index, mean productivity, yield index, yield stability index, stress tolerance index, stress susceptibility index, and geometric mean productivity were calculated to identify economically higher-yielding chickpea genotypes with greater heat and drought tolerance capacity. There were highly significant differences observed among the tested chickpea genotypes response to drought and heat stresses. Besides, in both non-stress and stress conditions mean productivity, yield index, stress tolerance index, and geometric mean productivity, which highly positively significantly correlated with seed yields, were the best indices. Among the chickpea genotypes, the Aksu, Arda, Çakır, F4 09 (X 05 TH 21-16189), FLIP 03-108 were identified with a higher drought and heat tolerance capacity. Based on our field studies, it is suggested that the drought and heat tolerance indicators of plants can be used by breeders to select stress-resistant economically productive chickpea genotypes suitable to grow under Mediterranean climatic conditions.


Abbasi MR, Sepaskhah AR. 2011. Response of different rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.) to water-saving irrigation in greenhouse conditions. Int J Plant Product 5, 1735-8043.

Ali MB, El-Sadek AN. 2016. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Communications in Biometry and Crop Science 11, 77-89.

Anwar J, Subhanı GM, Hussaın M, Ahmad J, Hussaın, Munır M. 2011. Drought Tolerance Indices and Their Correlation with Yield in Exotic Wheat Genotypes. Pak. J. Bot 43(3), 1527-1530.

Bazrafshan M, Matlubi F, Mesbah M, Joukar L. 2008. Evaluations of drought tolerance of sugar beet genotypes using drought tolerance indices. J Sugar beet 24, 15-35.

Bellague D, Hammedi-Bouzina MM, Abdelguerfi A. 2016. Measuring the performance of perennial alfalfa with drought tolerance indices. Chilean J of Agricultural Research 76(3),  273-284.

Betran FJ, Beck D, Banziger M, Edmeades GO. 2003. Genetic analysis of inbred and hybrid grain yield under stress and non-stress environments in tropical maize. Crop. Sci. 43, 807-817.

Bidinger FR, Mahalakshmi V, Rao GDP. 1987. Assessment of drought resistance in pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) Estimation of genotype response to stress. Crop and Pasture Sci 38, 49-59.

Bouslama M, Schapaugh WT. 1984. Evaluation of Three Screening Techniques for Heat and Drought Tolerance. Crop Sci 24, 933-937.

Ceccarelli S, Grando S. 1991. Selection environment and environmental sensitivity in barley. Euphytica 57, 157-167.

Clarke JM, De Pauw RM, Townley-Smith TM. 1992. Evaluation of methods for quantification of drought tolerance in wheat. Crop Science 32, 728-732.

Deshmukh DV, Mhase LB, Jamadagni BM. 2004. Performance of Desi and Kabuli Chickpea Genotypes under Irrigated and Rainfed Conditions. Indian J. Pulses Res. 17(2), 181-182.

Farshadfar E, Jamshidi1 B, Aghaee M. 2012. Biplot analysis of drought tolerance indicators in bread wheat landraces of Iran. Intl J Agri Crop Sci 4(5), 226-233.

Fernandez, GCJ. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. Proceedings of the international Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetable and Other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress 257-270.

Fischer RA, Maurer R. 1978. Drought Resistance in Spring Wheat Cultivars. Aust. J. Agric. Res 29, 897-912.

Ganjeali A, Kafi M, Bagheriv F, Shahriyari F. 2005. Screening for drought tolerance on Chickpea genotypes. Iran J Field Crops Res 3, 122-127.

Ganjeali A, Porsa H, Bagheri A. 2011. Assessment of Iranian chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germplasms for drought tolerance. Agr Water Manage 98, 1477-1484.

Gavuzzi P, Rizza F, Palumbo M, Campaline RG, Ricciardi GL, Borghi B. 1997. Evaluation of field and laboratory predictors of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals. Can. J. Plant Sci 77, 523-531.

Golabadi M, Arzani A, Mirmohammadi Maibodi SAM. 2006. Assessment of drought tolerance in segregating populations in durum wheat. Afr J Agric Res 1, 162-171.

Lin CS, Binns MR, Lefkovitch LP. 1986. Stability analysis: where do we stand. Crop Sci 26, 894-900.

Moein R, Akbar S, Shahram N, Alireza Z. 2015. Screening Drought Tolerant Genotypes in Chickpea using Tolerance Score Method. Int. J of Advanced Biological Research 3.

Naderi R, Emam Y. 2014. Evaluation of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars performance under drought stress. AJCS 8(9), 1319-1323.

Pireivatlou AS, Masjedlou BD, Aliyev RT. 2010. Evaluation of yield potential and stress adaptive trait in wheat genotypes under post an thesis drought stress conditions, Afric J of Agric Res 5, 2829-2836.

Rajaram S, Braun HJ, Ginkel MV. 1996. CIMMYT’s approach to breed for drought tolerance. Euphytica 92, 147-153.

Rajaram S, Van Ginkle M. 2001. Mexico, 50 years of international wheat breeding. In: Bonjean, A.P., Angus, WJ. (Eds.), The World Wheat Book: A History of Wheat Breeding. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris, France pp. 579-604.

Rathjen AJ. 1994. The biological basis of genotype – environment interaction: its definition and management. In: Proceedings of the Seventh Assembly of the Wheat Breeding Society of Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

Rosielle AA, Hamblin J. 1981. Theoretical Aspects of Selection for Yield in Stress and Non- stress Environment Crop Sci 21, 943-946.

Singh KB. 1993. Problems and Prospects of Stress Resistance Breeding in Chickpea. Editör: Singh, K.B., Saxena, M.C. p. 17-35.

Sio-Se Mardeh A, Ahmadi A, Poustini K, Mohammadi V. 2006. Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions. Field Crops Research 98, 222-229.

Wery J, Turc O, Lecoeur J. 1993. Mechanism of Resistance to Cold, Heat and Drought in Cool-Season Legumes, with Special Reference to Chickpea and Pea. In ‘Food Legumes’. (Eds: Singh, KB., MC., Saxena) Wiley Publishing, Chichester, UK 271-291.

Yücel D, Mart D. 2014. Drought Tolerance in chickpea Genotypes. Turkish J of Agriculture and Natural Sci 1, 1299-1303.

Zebarjadi AR, Chaghakaboodi Z, Kahrizi D. 2011. Evaluation of Rapeseed Genotypes (Brassica napus L.) under Drought Stress Conditions. Researches of the First International Conference. Babylon and Razı Uni.