Int. J. Biosci.10(5), 250-256, May 2017
Wheat is important food for more than 35% of the world’s population and its cultivation is mainly limited to such areas with water scarcity. The current study involves studying changes in the accumulation of glycine betaine, membrane stability, chlorophyll, protein and Malon (MDA) Di Aldelyde of ten varieties of durum wheat under stresses. The results of this study showed a significant decrease in the accumulation of glycine betaine, relative water content, membrane stability, chlorophyll content, MDA. The study showed that varieties responded to water stress with different mechanisms in different proportions between varieties to maintain the vital functions of the durum varieties studied.
Anand A, Trick HN, Gill BS. 2003. Stable transgene expression and random gene silencig in wheat, Plant Biotechnologie. Journal., 1(4), 241-251.
Apel K, Hirt H. 2004. Reactive oxygen species: metabolism, oxidative stress and signal transduction. Plant Biologie. 55, 373-399.
Bradford M. 1976. Analyse. Biochemie 72, 248-250.
Casati P, Walbot V. 2004. Rapid transcriptome responses of maize (Zea mays) to UV-B irradiated and shielded tissues, Genome Biologie. 5, R16.
Charest C, Phan CT. 1990. Cold acclimation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): Properties of enzymes involved in proline metabolism. Physiologie Plant, 80 (2), 159-168.
Chaves MM, Maroco J, Pereira J. 2003. Understanding plant responses to drought from genes to the whole plant. Funct, Plant Biologie. 30, 239-264.
Chen Z, Gallie DR. 2004. The ascorbic acid redox statecontrols guard cell signaling and stomatal movement, Plant Cell 16, 1143-1162.
Dhanda SS, Sethi GS, Behl RK. 2004. Indices of drought tolelrance in wheat genotypes at early stages of plant growth, Journal. Agronomie. Crop Science. 190(1), 6-12.
Ekanayake IJ, De Datta SK, Steponkus PL. 1993. Annatomie Botanic. 72, 73-80.
European Commission. 2025. Plants for the future: a European Vision for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology towards 2004. www.europabio.org/
Glombitza C, Dubuis PH, Thulke O. 2004. Crosstalk and differential response to abiotic and biotic stressors reflected at the transcriptional level of effector genes from secondary metabolism, Plant Molecular. Biologie. 51, 1-19 (uncorrected proof).
Grieve CM, Grattan SR. Plant Soil. 1983. 70, 303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02374789.
Hsiao TC. 1973. Plant responses to water stress, Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 24, 519-570.
Lochtenthaler HK, Method Enzymol. 1987, 148, 350-382.
Munns R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress, Plant Cell Environ. 25 (2), 239-252.
Pathnitk D, Khurana P. 2001. Wheat biotechnology: a mini review, Electron. Journal. Biotechnol. 4(2), 74-102.
Poustini K, Siosemardeh A, Ranjbar M. 2007. Proline accumulation as a response to salt stressing 30 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Genet Resour. Crop Evol., 54(5), 925-934.
Saba J, Moghaddam M, Ghassemi K. 2001. Genetic properties of drought resistance indices, Journal. Agriculture, Science. Technologie 3, 43-49.
Sairam RK, Saxena DC. 2000. Oxidative stress and antioxidants in wheat genoypes: Possible mechanism of water stress tolerance. Journal. Agronomie. Crop Sci. 184(1), 55-61.
Siddique MRB, Hamid A, Islam MS. 2000. Drought stress effects on water relation of wheat Botanic. Bull. Acad. Sin. 41(1), 35-39.
Tian XR, Lei YB. 2007. Physiological responses of wheat seedlings to drought and UV-B radiation, effect of exogenous sodium nitroprusside application. Plant Physiologie 54(5), 676-682.
Vasl IK. 2003. The science and politics of plant biotechnology 68.
Vendruscolo ACG, Schuster I, Pileggi M, Scapim CA, Molinari HBC, Marur CJ, Vieira LGC. 2007. Stress induced synthesis of proline confers tolerance to water deficit in transgenic wheat. J. Plant Physiol. 164(10), 1367-1376.
Wang WX, Vinocur B, Altman A. 2003. Plant responses to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures: towards genetic engineering for stress tolerance, Planta 218(1), 1-14.
Yu SW, Tang, KX. 2004. MAP kinase cascades responding to environmental stress in plants, Acta Botanica. Sin. 46(2), 127-136.
Zhu JK. 2002. Salt and drought stress signal transduction on plants, Annu. Rev. Plant Biologie 53, 247- 273.
Zhu JK. 2003. Regulation of ion hormeostasis under salt stress, Curr. Opin Plant. Biologie. 6(5), 441-445.
Zlatev Z, Stoyanov Z. 2005. Effect of water stress on leaf water relations of young bean plans. J. Central Europeen. Agriculture. 6(1), 5-14.