Evolution and health status of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) genetic resources in ex-situ conservation in Côte d’Ivoire

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Research Paper 16/02/2023
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Evolution and health status of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) genetic resources in ex-situ conservation in Côte d’Ivoire

N’Zué Boni, Essis Brice Sidoine, Dibi Konan Brice Evrard, Kobenan Guy Roland, Hala Kinampinan Adelphe, Kouamé Kouassi Thiègba, Ehounou Adou Emmanuel, Kouakou Amani Michel
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.22( 2), 27-34, February 2023.
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Abstract

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a foodstuff that plays a very important role for the world population. In Côte d’Ivoire, its production is estimated at 6.5 million tons after yam. With a view to preserving the genetic diversity of the cassava collection of the National Centre for Agronomic Research, several research projects have been carried out on the characterization (morphological, agronomic) and health status (diseases and pests) of the cassava genetic resources conserved in the station. The present study consisted in analysing the composition and evolution of cassava genetic resources and assessing the incidence of diseases and pests in 727 cassava accessions in the collection of the National Centre for Agronomic Research. After analysis, the collection contained a total of 759 accessions of which 32 had disappeared. Of this total, 603 accessions or 83% of the total were from Côte d’Ivoire, 104 or 14% from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and 20 accessions or 3% from various origins. Referring to time and different agronomic research structures, the cassava collection had 106 accessions from 1953 to 1981 for the Office for Scientific and Technical Research Overseas, 101 accessions from 1982 to 1998 for the Savannah Institute and 520 accessions from 1998 to 2019 for the National Centre for Agronomic Research. It was found that the accessions from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture were more resistant to virus than the accessions from the Côte d’Ivoire farmers’ environment. For mites, the attack was strong with 60% of the accessions.

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