Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2020

VIEWS 9
| Download 1

Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab

Muhammad Najeebullah, Mudassar Iqbal, Nusrat Parveen, Kashif Nadeem, Muhammad Iqbal, Saeed Ahmad Shah Chishti, Amir Latif

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.16(2), 296-301, February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.296-301

Certification:

IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Safeena a high yielding, disease resistant and autumn season bitter gourd variety developed to provide bitter gourd fruits in scarcity period Sep-Nov in Punjab, Pakistan. Recurrent selection method was used to develop the variety at Vegetable Research Institute, Faisalabad. The variety was tested in replicated varietal/ station yield trials and multi-locational trials from 2013 to 2015. Results of Autumn season 2013 and 2014 yield trials showed that average yield of Safeena was 28.3 t/ha that was considerably higher than the average yield of commercially cultivated bitter gourd varieties i.e. Black King (9.71 t/ha) and Faisalabad Long (6.01 t/ha). In multi-locational yield trials, Safeena showed the higher average yield (28.08 t/ha) than the respective checks (11.82 t/ha and 10.83 t/ha) and commercial varieties over all locations. It competes with commercially cultivated imported varieties and hybrids in autumn season cultivation. Safeena has the potential to produce yield 31.5 t/ha in season with more threats of fungal and viral diseases. Its fruits have dark green skin color, smooth ridges, spindle shape and average length of 25-30 cm. Average flowering days are 35-40 days. Its 1000 seed weight is 130-135 g. Safeena has good cooking quality. Commercialization of this variety will meet the scarcity period of bitter gourd throughout the Punjab in Pakistan.

VIEWS 9

Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab

Anilakumar KR, Kumar GP, Ilaiyaraja N. 2015. Nutritional, pharmacological and medicinal properties of Momordica charantia. International Journal of Food Sciences and nutrition 4, 75-83.

Bakare RI, Magbagbeola OA, Akinwande AI, Okunowo OW. 2010. Nutritional and chemical evaluation of Momordica charantia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4, 2189-2193.

Costa I, Wanderley PM, Cavalcante MA, Fernandes MJ, Lima M. 2006. Hyphomycetes from soil of an area affected by copper mining activities in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Brazil Journal of Microbiology 37, 290-595.

El-Said SM, Al-Barak AS. 2011. Extraction of insulin like compounds from bitter melon plants. American Journal of Drug Discovery 1, 1-7.

Fruit Vegetables, Condiments Statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Govt. of Pakistan. 2014-2015.

Islam S, Jalaluddin M, Hettiarachchy NS.  2011.  Bio active  compounds  of  bitter  melon  genotypes  (Momordica  charantia  L.) in  relation to their physiological functions. Functional foods in health and disease 2, 61-74.

Joseph B, Jini D. 2013. Anti-diabetic effects of Momordica charantia L. (bitter melon) and its medicinal potency. Asian Pacific Journal of Trop medicine 3, 93-12.

Khan JA, Siddiqui MR, Singh BP. 2002. Association of begomo virus with bitter melon in India. Plant Disease 86, 328.

Kim DK, Bae DW, Lee SC, Han KS, Kim HK. 2003. Detection of Myrothecium leaf spot, a new disease of watermelon. Plant Pathology Journal 19, 200-202.

Nawab NN, Mahmood K. 2014. Faisalabad Long a high yielding bitter gourd variety. International journal of vegetable sciences 4, 322-328.

Parmar K, Patel S, Patel J, Patel B, Patel MB. 2011. Effects of bitter gourd (Momordica Charantia L.) fruit juice on glucose tolerance and lipid profile in type-l diabetic rat. International Journal of Drug Development & Research 32, 139-146.

Shaukat A, Wahid A, Murtaza M, Nadeem A.  1988. Myrothecium leaf spot of bitter gourd in Pakistan. Pakistan journal of agriculture research 9, 598 -600.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. New York: McGraw Hill Co. Inc.

Subhakar G, Sreedevi K, Manjula K, Reddy NPE. 2011. Pollinator diversity and abundance in bitter gourd, Momordica charantia Linn. Pest management in Horticultural Ecosystems 17(1), 23-27.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background