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Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab

Research Paper | February 1, 2020

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Muhammad Najeebullah, Mudassar Iqbal, Nusrat Parveen, Kashif Nadeem, Muhammad Iqbal, Saeed Ahmad Shah Chishti, Amir Latif

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 2), 296-301, February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.296-301


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Safeena a high yielding, disease resistant and autumn season bitter gourd variety developed to provide bitter gourd fruits in scarcity period Sep-Nov in Punjab, Pakistan. Recurrent selection method was used to develop the variety at Vegetable Research Institute, Faisalabad. The variety was tested in replicated varietal/ station yield trials and multi-locational trials from 2013 to 2015. Results of Autumn season 2013 and 2014 yield trials showed that average yield of Safeena was 28.3 t/ha that was considerably higher than the average yield of commercially cultivated bitter gourd varieties i.e. Black King (9.71 t/ha) and Faisalabad Long (6.01 t/ha). In multi-locational yield trials, Safeena showed the higher average yield (28.08 t/ha) than the respective checks (11.82 t/ha and 10.83 t/ha) and commercial varieties over all locations. It competes with commercially cultivated imported varieties and hybrids in autumn season cultivation. Safeena has the potential to produce yield 31.5 t/ha in season with more threats of fungal and viral diseases. Its fruits have dark green skin color, smooth ridges, spindle shape and average length of 25-30 cm. Average flowering days are 35-40 days. Its 1000 seed weight is 130-135 g. Safeena has good cooking quality. Commercialization of this variety will meet the scarcity period of bitter gourd throughout the Punjab in Pakistan.


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Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab

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