Examining temperature effect on the adsorption and desorption of cadmium from soil surfaces and the best adsorption equation

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/02/2015
Views (186) Download (4)

Examining temperature effect on the adsorption and desorption of cadmium from soil surfaces and the best adsorption equation

Roqaiyeh Barihi, Ebrahim Panahpour, Abdol Ali Naseri
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 2), 472-478, February 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


In recent years, due to their simplicity, being relatively low price and also being reasonable and effective in the removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater, adsorption-based methods are of most interest. The objective of this research was studying adsorption isotherm of cadmium in the field’s soil of Amir- Kabir Sugarcane Crops And Industry Company. The study was done in factorial design consisted of four treatments in a randomized block, including: T0: The Company fields soil as control T1: Treatment with 50 mg per kg of cadmium from the Cd (NO3) source, T2: Treatment with 100 kg of cadmium from the Cd (NO3 ) source and T3: 150 milligrams per kilogram of cadmium from the source Cd (NO3) in 12 pots for each experiment, at three temperatures of minimum, average and maximum 16.6, 24.8 and 33.3, for the cultivation period in Amir-Kabir sugar cane cultivation and Technology Company was performed. The results showed that there was a significant difference between temperature, concentration, and interaction of temperature and concentration on adsorbable cadmium in soil at 1% test Duncan level. Such that, for the treatments of T1C4 and T3C3 the minimum and maximum soil adsorbable cadmium which being (0.1 and 31.41) were obtained, respectively. Adsorption data obtained by both Freundlich and Langmuir equation were fitted and their coefficients were calculated. Among both equations, The Freundlich equation describes adsorption behavior of cadmium in the soil in question better than the Langmuir one.


Charm M, Abdullahi F. 2005. the properties of zinc adsorption in soils of the sugarcane agriculture and industry company in Northern Khouzestan province, Iran (Haft-Tapeh and Shoushtar). Journal of Agricultural Science. 28 (2).

Charm MD, Brown A. 2007. Investigating characteristics of phosphor adsorption in the soils under sugarcane cultivation in the region Sho’eibieh in Khouzestn province, agricultural research for water, soil and plants in agriculture, 6 (3).

Eriksson JE. 1989. The influence of pH, soil type and time on adsorption and uptake by plants of Cd added to the soil. Water Air and Soil pollution. 48, 317-335.

Garcia-Miragay AJ, Page AL. 1976. Inflence of ionic strength and inorganic complex formation of trac amounts of Cd by montmorillinite. Soil Sci. Soc. 40, 658-663.

Kabata Pendias A, Pendias H. 2000. Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Malakouti Homaee. 2004. Productivity of arid and semiarid regions. Tehran University Press. 252-249.

Mojalali H. 1987. Soil chemistry. Academic Publishing Center. Tehran. 346.

Rashedi  D.  Nouei  M.  Anaraki  ardekani  H. 2013. Studies on the density function on elements of silica and aluminum on B-N Nano-sheet And investigate its sensitivity to carbon disulfide. Master’s thesis, Azad University of Omidieh.

Spark KM, Wells JD, Johnson BB. 1995. Characterizing trace metal adsorption on Kaolinite. Europ. J. Soil Sci. 46, 633-640.

Wilde EW, Benemann JR. 1993. Bioremoval of heavy metal by the use of micro- algae. Biotech. Adv. 11(4), 781-812.

Zavar Mousavi SH, Fazli M, Rahmani A. 2011. The removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions of nanostructure μ _Alumina, Water And Sewage Organization, 4.