Experimental Investigation on the Developed Portable Biogas System utilizing Agricultural Biomass Wastes for Thermal Applications

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2020
Views (272) Download (16)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Experimental Investigation on the Developed Portable Biogas System utilizing Agricultural Biomass Wastes for Thermal Applications

Antonio-Abdu Sami M. Magomnang, Dianne Mae M. Asiñero
Int. J. Biosci.17( 6), 218-226, December 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Woody biomass such as forest residues and fast-growing trees are used as a source of fuel for cooking and heating that contributes to deforestation and forest degradation. Not knowing, that this biomass can also be utilized as a source of energy when the organic material such as animal manure, agricultural biomass wastes decomposes under anaerobic conditions. This study aims to evaluate the performance of the developed portable biogas system using agricultural biomass wastes as a source of fuel for thermal applications. The developed system was modified to become portable making it ideal for transport in remote areas where fuel is not easily accessible. Then it is tested and deployed to rural and remote areas by conducting thermal experiments. The results show that the developed system is capable to produce and supply gaseous fuel for thermal regardless of the gas volume and time duration. Thus, the study could help to replace traditional wood-based cooking with a renewable energy system utilizing agricultural biomass wastes as a source of fuel that can be used in rural and remote areas.

VIEWS 14

Jagger P, Pedit J, Bittner A, Hamrick L, Phwandapwhanda T, Jumbe C. 2017. Fuel efficiency and air pollutant concentrations of wood-burning improved cookstoves in Malawi: implications for scaling-up cookstove programs. Energy for Sustainable Development 41, 112-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2017.08.007

Jetter JJ, Kariher P. 2009. Solid-fuel household cookstoves: characterization of performance and emissions. Biomass and Bioenergy 33(2), 294-305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.05.014

Capareda SC. 2011. Biomass energy conversion. Sustainable growth and applications in renewable energy sources (1), 19. Capareda SC. 2014. Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions, CRC Press.

Philippine National Standards. 2001. Build a Biogas Plant – Home. Retrieved March 29, 2020, from https://www.build-a-biogasplant.com/PDF/pns.413.2003.pdf

Olugasa TT, Odesola IF, Oyewola MO. 2018. Biogas Purification and Compression for use in Spark Ignition Engines. In International Conference of Mechanical Engineering (Vol. 2018).

Rathod VP, Bhale PV, Mehta RS, Harmani K, Bilimoria S, Mahida A, Champaneri H. 2018. Biogas Production from Water Hyacinth in the Batch type Anaerobic Digester. Materials Today: Proceedings 5(11), 23346-23350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2018.11.072