Exploration of antibacterial and chemical potential of Corchorus olitorus Linn: a vegetable used in Beninese traditional pharmacopoeia

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Research Paper 01/10/2018
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Exploration of antibacterial and chemical potential of Corchorus olitorus Linn: a vegetable used in Beninese traditional pharmacopoeia

Deguenon Esther, Atchade Pascal, Avocèfohoun Alphonse, Agbankpe Jerrold, Nana Mariama, Dougnon Victorien, Baba-Moussa Lamine, Dougnon Jacques
Int. J. Biosci.13( 4), 427-436, October 2018.
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The use of plants as a primary remedy in health care has taken enormous proportions in the world and especially in Africa. The use of natural remedies for the relief of several diseases is expanding with the development of the potential of medicinal plants. Also, the therapeutic failures due to the multi-resistance of certain bacteria have led to the search for new solutions. The present study was initiated to evaluate the chemical activity and biological activity of leaves of Corchorus olitorus Linn by ethanolic extraction on multidrug-resistant enteropathogens. The ethanolic extract of the leaves showed interesting flavonoid and plolyphenol contents and was nontoxic at the concentration of 100mg/ml. The non-toxicity of the extract justified its use in culinary preparations and as a remedy in traditional medicine. The diffusion methods in agar medium and in liquid medium were used for the sensitivity test against the selected bacterial strains. The ethanol extract prepared showed no inhibitory activity on both the clinical strains of enteropathogens and on the reference strain E. coli ATCC 25922. The antibacterial effect of Corchorus olitorus Linn was reversed in this study. It was then revealed that extraction methods can be a major factor in the in vitro verification of the properties of plant extracts.


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