Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Exploring agroecosystem floristic and vegetation diversity in a Mediterranean landscape

Research Paper | April 1, 2013

| Download 5

Sofia Spanou, Argyro Tiniakou, Theodoros Georgiadis

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 4), 11-25, April 2013


JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]


A floristic and vegetation study of the agroecosystems of east Attiki prefecture (Greece) was performed and constitutes the first investigation into this type of ecosystems for this area. A data set of permanent plots encompassing vegetation in agroecosystems and fields of the area was established. This data set was classified using cluster analysis to identify vegetation differences between the different cultivation types. The ecological interpretation of the sites covered by agroecosystems was based on classic analysis of the chorological and life-form spectra of the plant taxa recorded from these sites, Böhling’s ecological indicator values of certain plant species and plant – substrate relation. The diversity indices of these agroecosystems were also measured and compared with the ones of the natural vegetation of the surrounding area. Temporal changes of the agroecosystems’ plant species were also studied. Our results revealed five different types of cultivation vegetation with different substrate preferences and different plant diversity values. The contribution of agroecosystems to the areas’ plant diversity proved to be significant. Open dry fields were found to be the richest and most temporally heterogeneous agroecosystems. Conclusively, the maintenance and conservation of the agroecosystems of the study area is strongly suggested since they prove to be a significant diversification agent who helps to avoid the loss of the high Mediterranean biological diversity. Additionally, under certain conditions, indicator plant species found in agroecosystems may be used to monitor environmental changes on the area.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Exploring agroecosystem floristic and vegetation diversity in a Mediterranean landscape

Achtak H, Ater M, Oukabli A, Santoni S, Kjellberg F, Khadari B. 2010. Traditional agroecosystems as conservatories and incubators of cultivated plant varietal diversity: the case of fig (Ficus carica L.) in Morocco. BMC Plant Biology 10, 28.

Allen HD. 2003. Response of past and present Mediterranean ecosystems to environmental change. Progress in Physical Geography 27, 359– 377.

Altieri MA. 1994. Biodiversity and pest management in agroecosystems. Haworth Press, New York, 185 p.

Altieri MA. 1999. The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 74, 19-31.

Bargagli R. 1989. Determination of metal deposition patterns by epiphytic lichens. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 18, 249–256.

Başnou C, Pino J, Šmilauer, P. 2009. Effect of grazing on grasslands in the Western Romanian Carpathians depends on the bedrock type. Preslia 81, 91–104.

Batzias FA, Siontorou CG. 2006. A knowledge-based approach to environmental biomonitoring. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 123, 167–197.

Beeby A. 2001. ‘What do sentinels stand for?’ Environmental Pollution 112, 285–298.

Böhling N, Greuter W, Raus Th. 2002. Zeigerwerte der Gefäβpflanzen der Südägäis (Griechenland) [Indicator values of the vascular plants in the Southern Aegean (Greece)]. Camerino: Dipartimento di Botanica ed Ecologia dell’ Universita – Camerino et Station de Phytosociologie –Bailleul. Braun-Blanquetia, p. 32, 108.

Böhling N. 2004. Southern Aegean indicator values – Derivation, application and perspectives. Proceedings of the 10th MEDECOS Conference, April 25-May 1, Rhodes, Greece. Millpress, Rotterdam.

Braun Blanquet J. 1964. Pflanzensociologie – Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. 3. Aufl. Springer-Verlag., Wien – New York, 865 p.

Chýlová T, Mόnzbergová Z. 2008. Past land use co-determines the present distribution of dry grassland plant species. Preslia 80, 183–198.

Conti ME, Cecchetti G. 2001. Biological monitoring: Lichens as bioindicators of air pollution assessment – a review. Environmental Pollution 114, 471–492.

Critchley CNR, Chambers BJ, Fowbert JA, Sanderson RA, Bhogal A, Rose SC. 2002. Association between lowland grassland plant communities and soil properties. Biological Conservation 105, 199–215.

Dale VH, Beyeler SC. 2001. Challenger in the development and use of ecological indicators. Ecological Indicators 1, 3–10.

Davis PH (Ed). 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, 10 vols. Edinburgh: University Press.

Diekmann M. 2003. Species indicator values as an important tool in applied plant ecology – a review. Basic and Applied Ecology 4, 493–506.

Ellen berg H. 1979. Zeigerwerte der Gefäßpflanzen Mitteleuropas (indicator values of vascular plants in Central Europe). Scripta Geobotanica, second ed., vol. 9, Goltze, Göttingen.

Ellenberg H. 1988. Vegetation ecology of Central Europe. 4th ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 753p.

Ellenberg H, Weber HE, Düll R, Wirth V, Werner W, Paulissen D. 1991. Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobotanica, 18, 1. 248p.

ESRI (Environmental Systems Resource Institute) 2010. ArcGIS 9.3. ESRI, Redlands, California.

Fisseha G, Gebrekidan H, Kibret K, Yitaferu B, Bedadi B. 2011. Analysis of land use/land cover changes in the Debre-Mewi watershed at the upper catchment of the Blue Nile Basin, Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 1, 184-198.

Gotelli NJ, Colwell RK 2001. Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology Letters 4, 379–391.

Greuter W, Burdet HM, Long G (Eds). 1984-1989. Med-Checklist Vols. 1, 3, 4. Genève.

Grove AT. 1996. The historical Context: Before 1850, in: Brandt, C.J., Thornes, J.B. (Eds.), Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use. John Wiley and Sons, New York, p. 13–28.

Gustavsson E, Lennartsson T, Emanuelsson M. 2007. Land use more than 200 years ago explains current grassland plant diversity in a Swedish agricultural landscape. Biological Conservation 138, 47–59.

Hennekens SM. 1996, 2002. TURBOVEG (Ver. 1,99t). Software package for input, processing and presentation of phytosociological data. IBN-DLO. Wageningen & University of Lancaster.

Hill MO, Mountford JO, Roy DB, Bunce RGH. 1999. Ellenberg’s indicator values for British plants. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology [ECOFACT Vol. 2, Technical annex]. Huntington, 46 p.

Hill MO, Roy DB, Mountford J, Bunce RGH. 2000. Extending Ellenberg’s indicator values to a new area: an algorithmic approach. Journal of Applied Ecology 37, 3–13.