J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(6), 133-145, December 2014
The ecosystem of peat swamp forest was found unique and stable in regulating the balance in water system as well as maintaining diversity of flora, fauna and microbes. Peat swamp forest destruction due to fire, illegal logging, or forest conversion into industrial and agricultural areas would spoil balance in biological ecosystem in the forest. This research, therefore, aimed to obtain information on fungi as ectomycorrhiza in peat swamp forest. This research is categorised as explorative observation using surveying method delivered in peat swamp forest of Nyaru Menteng, Palangka Raya, Central Borneo. Samples were obtained randomly from under a forest stand planted on 35 sample points. The results of the observation revealed that there were 15 species of fungi which were potential to be ectomycorrhiza, such as Russula sp.1, Russula sp.2, Russula sp.3, Russula sp.4, Russula sp.5, Russula aerugine, Russula minutula, Hygrocybe sp. 1, dan Hygrocybe sp. 2, Scleroderma sp., Amanita sp., Collybia sp., Lycoperdon sp., Lepiota sp., dan Laccaria sp. Of those kinds, 48.04% were dominated by Russulaceae family. Basidiocarp was found to be associated with a stand of Angiospermae, more like the kind of belangiran (Shorea balangeran, Dipterocarpaceae), nyatoh (Palaquium sp., Sapotaceae), guava (Syzygium sp., Myrtaceae), geronggang (Cratoxylum arborescens, Hypericaceae), wood charcoal (Diospyros spp., Ebenaceae), rubber (Hevea brasiliensis, Euphorbiaceae), or trees of Gymnospermae such as melinjo (Gnetum gnemon, Gnetaceae). The abundance of basidiocarp Russulaceae presumably related to the nutrient content of the soil in the form of C – organic and P very high element.
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