Exploring ectomycorrhiza in peat swamp forest of Nyaru Menteng Palangka Raya Central Borneo

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2014
Views (223) Download (10)

Exploring ectomycorrhiza in peat swamp forest of Nyaru Menteng Palangka Raya Central Borneo

Rahmawati Budi Mulyani, Ika Rochdjatun Sastrahidayat, Abdul Latief Abadi, Syamsuddin Djauhari
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 6), 133-145, December 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The ecosystem of peat swamp forest was found unique and stable in regulating the balance in water system as well as maintaining diversity of flora, fauna and microbes. Peat swamp forest destruction due to fire, illegal logging, or forest conversion into industrial and agricultural areas would spoil balance in biological ecosystem in the forest. This research, therefore, aimed to obtain information on fungi as ectomycorrhiza in peat swamp forest. This research is categorised as explorative observation using surveying method delivered in peat swamp forest of Nyaru Menteng, Palangka Raya, Central Borneo. Samples were obtained randomly from under a forest stand planted on 35 sample points. The results of the observation revealed that there were 15 species of fungi which were potential to be ectomycorrhiza, such as Russula sp.1, Russula sp.2, Russula sp.3, Russula sp.4, Russula sp.5, Russula aerugine, Russula minutula, Hygrocybe sp. 1, dan Hygrocybe sp. 2, Scleroderma sp., Amanita sp., Collybia sp., Lycoperdon sp., Lepiota sp., dan Laccaria sp. Of those kinds, 48.04% were dominated by Russulaceae family. Basidiocarp was found to be associated with a stand of Angiospermae, more like the kind of belangiran (Shorea balangeran, Dipterocarpaceae), nyatoh (Palaquium sp., Sapotaceae), guava (Syzygium sp., Myrtaceae), geronggang (Cratoxylum arborescens, Hypericaceae), wood charcoal (Diospyros spp., Ebenaceae), rubber (Hevea brasiliensis, Euphorbiaceae), or trees of Gymnospermae such as melinjo (Gnetum gnemon, Gnetaceae). The abundance of basidiocarp Russulaceae presumably related to the nutrient content of the soil in the form of C – organic and P very high element.


Agarwal P, Sah P. 2009. Ecological importance of ectomycorrhizae in world forest ecosystem. Nature and Science 7 (2), 107-116

Anshari G, Sugardjito J, Rafiastanto A, Nuriman M. 2010. Characterization of tropical peat based on dry bulk density, loss of ignition,total organic carbon, total nitrogen, and molar C/N ratio. Paper presented on International Workshop on Plant Ecology and Diversity Observation and Capacity Building in Indonesia, 16-19 July 2010. Denpasar.

Akata, Halici MGK, Uzun Y. 2011. Additional macrofungi records from Trabzon province for the mycrobiota of Turkey. Turk Journal Botany. 35, 309-314

Statistical Bureau of Palangka Raya. 2012. Palangka Raya in Fig.s 2012 (in Indonesian). Statistical Bureau of Palangka Raya. 233p

Brundrett M, Boughher N, Dell B, Grove T, Malajczuk N. 1996. Working with Mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture. ACIAR Monograph 32. 374p

Budianta D. 2003. Strategy in Making Use Peat Forests in Environmental Insight. A workshop in Cultivating Peat Swamp Soils of Indonesia in a Wise and Sustainable Way (in Indonesian). Bogor, 13-14 October 2003. 15 p

Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, and Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of local vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14 (2), 106-111

Darwo, Sugiarti. 2008. Several Genuses of Ectomycorrhiza Mushrooms in Sipirok Forest, Tongkoh, and Aek, Nauli, North Sumatera (in Indonesian). Journal Research on Forest and Naturan Conservation 5(2), 157-173

Hawley GL. 2006. Ectomycorrhizal characterisation, species diversity and community dynamics in Pinus patulam Schelcht. Et Cham. plantations. Dissertation. Rhodes University, South Africa. p 412

Hernandez MG, Linera GW. 2011. Diversity of macromycetes determined by tree species, vegetation structure, and microenvironment in tropical cloud forest in Veracruz, Mexico. Botany 89, 203-206

Ishida TA, Nara K, Hogetsu T. 2007. Host effects on ectomycorrhizal fungal communities: insight from eight host species in mixed conifer– broadleaf forests. Journal of New Phytologist, 174, 430– 440

Islam, KK, Khokon MAR., Pervin, MJ, Rahman MM, Vacik H. 2007. Prevalence of ectomycorrhizal. Journal of Agroforestry and Environment 1 (1), 1-6

Jayakumar P, Tan TK. 2005. Phosphorus solubilization by ectomycorrhizal Pisolithus tinctorius in pure culture and in association with Acacia mangium. Journal Symbiosis 39, 125-130

Jha, SK, Kumar N. 2011. Potential of mychorrhizal fungi in ecosystem : A review. International Journal of Research in Botany 1(1), 1-7

Kennedy PG, Hortal S, Bergemann SE, Bruns TD. 2007. Competitive interaction among three ectomycorrhizal fungi and their relation to host plant performance. Journal of Ecology 95, 1338-1345

Kranabetter JM,  Durall DM, MacKenzie WH. 2009. Diversity and species distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi along productivity gradients of a southern boreal forest. Journal of Mycorrhiza 19: 99–111

Land Research Center. 1983. TOR Soil Survey Capabilities. Agency for Agricultural Research and Development Research Project Supporting Transmigration . Bogor

Mardji D. 2014. Diversity and dominance or ectomycorrhizal fungi on after burned and unburned forest in Kutai National Park (Indonesia). International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 5 (4), 344-353

Molina R, Massicotte H, Trappe JM. 1992. Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbiosis: community-ecological consequences and practical implications. In: Allen M.F. (Ed.). Mycorrhizal functioning, an integrated plant-fungal process. Chapman and Hall, London. p. 357-423.

Mulyani RB, Djaya AA, Putir EP. 2009. Diversity of Basidiomycota Mushroom in a watershed area of Kahayan, Central Borneo (in Indonesian). Fundamental Research Report Year I. Research Centre of Palangka Raya. 64 p

Natarajan K, Senthilarasu G, Kumaresan V, Riviere T. 2005. Diversity in ectomycoorhizal fungi of a dipterocarp forest in Western Ghats. Journal of Current Science 88 (12), 1893-1895

Niazi AR, Iqbal SH, Khalid AN. 2006. Biodiversity of mushroom and ectomycorrhizas 1. Russula bresives Peck., and its ectomycorrhiza-a new record from Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest of Pakistan. Pak Journal Botany, 38 (4), 1271-1277

Noor M. 2010. Peatlands: Development, Conservation, and Climate Change (in Indonesian). Gadjah Mada University Press. P 212

O’dell TE., Ammirati JF, Schreiner EG. 1999. Species richness and abundance of ectomycorrhizal basidiomyecete basidiocarps on a moisture gradient in the Tsuga heterophylla zone. Can Journal Botany, 77, 1699-1711

Pala SA, Wani AH, Mir RA. 2012. Diversity of macrofungal genus Russula and Amanita in Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary, Southern Kashmir Himalayas. Biodiversitas 13(2), 65-71

Government of the Province of Central Borneo. 2008. Provincial Government Policy of Central Borneo for Sustainable Cultivation of Swamp Forests in Central Borneo (in Indonesian). Palangka Raya: Provincial Government of Central Borneo

Pradeep CK, Vrinda KB. 2010. Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity in three different forest types and their association with endemic, indigenous and exotic species in the Westhern Ghat forest of Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala. Journal Mycopathol, Res, 48 (2), 279-289

Pyasi A, Soni KK, Verma RK. 2013. Effect of ectomycorrhizae on growth and establishment of sal (Shorea robusta) seedlings in central India. Nusantara Bioscience 5 (1), 44-49

Putir PE. 2007. Diversity of Macro Fungi in two different Forest Conditions in Kalampang International Research Collaboration CIMTROP, Central Borneo (in Indonesian). A Thesis. Master Degree Programme, Forest Science, The University of Mulawarman, Samarinda.

Riniarti M. 2010. Colonisation Dynamic of Three Fungi of Ectomycorrhiza Scleroderma spp. and Its Correlation with the Growth of Host Plants (in Indonesian). A Dissertation. Post-Graduate Programme.

Rosling A, Rosenstock. 2008. Ectomycorrhizal fungi in mineral soil. Mineralogical magazine 72(1), 127-130

Sidiyasa K. 2012. Characteristic of Peat Swamp Forest in Tuanan and Katunjung, Central Kalimantan (in Indonesian). Research Journal on Forest and Natural Conservation (in Indonesian). 9(2), 125-137

Smith SE, DJ Read. 2008. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. 3rd. Edition. Elseviere. New York.

Tapwal A, Kumar R, and Pandey S. 2013. Diversity and frequency of macrofungi associated with wet evergreen tropical forest in Assam, India. Biodiversitas 14 (2), 73-78

Tata MHL. 2013. Role of Mycorrhiza in Supporting Ecosystem for Forest Development (in Indonesian). Scientific Work Speech. Research and Development Centre for Conservation and Rehabilitation. The Ministry of Forestry of Republic of Indonesia. 24 p

Tawaraya K, Takaya Y, Turjaman M, Tuah SJ, Limin SH, Tamai Y, Cha JY, Wagatsuma T, OsakiM. 2003. Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of tree species grown in peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal Forest Ecology and Management 182 : 381-386

Turjaman M, Saito H, Santoso E, Susanto A, Gaman S, Limin SH, Shibuya M, Takahashi K, Tamai Y, Osaki M, Tawaraya K. 2011. Effect of Ectomycorrhizal fungi inoculated on Shorea balangeran under field conditions in peat-swamp forest. Wetland Ecology and Management 19(4), 331-339

Turjaman M. 2013. Mycorrhizal Fungi as input for conservation technology of forest rare plants forest and Rehabilitation for degraded lands (in Indonesian). Scientific Work Speech. Research and Development Centre for Conservation and Rehabilitation. The Ministry of Forestry of Republic of Indonesia. 24 p

Twieg BD, Durall DM, Simard SW, Jones MD. 2008. Influence of soil nutrient on ectomycorrhizal communities in a chronosequense of mixed temperate forest. Journal of Mycorrhiza 19, 305-316