Exploring effective approaches for science and technology education in public high schools: A case study of Samar Division, Philippines

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Research Paper 11/06/2023
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Exploring effective approaches for science and technology education in public high schools: A case study of Samar Division, Philippines


This case study explores the effectiveness of approaches for Science and Technology education in public high schools within the Samar Division, Philippines. The study examines the profile of teachers, including their teaching experience, educational qualifications, and training attended. The findings indicate that while teachers are still in their productive years, there is a need for improvement in teaching competence, as many teachers lack extensive experience and relevant training. Career development opportunities, such as reaching the Master Teacher level, are potential areas for growth. The study also examines the teaching approaches used by teachers, revealing that traditional methods are commonly employed. However, innovative approaches such as pedagogical, constructivism, transmission, and differentiated approaches remain relatively unfamiliar. Despite various factors influencing teaching competence, the study demonstrates that most teachers are competent in delivering instruction. Nonetheless, continuous improvement is essential to enhance student learning outcomes. Both teachers and administrators perceive teachers’ competence positively, emphasizing the commitment and dedication of educators to provide quality education. To adapt to the evolving education landscape, teachers must continually enrich their teaching skills to enhance overall educational quality. In conclusion, this study sheds light on the importance of effective teaching approaches in Science and Technology education in public high schools. It highlights the need for continuous professional development and career advancement opportunities for teachers to improve their competence. By embracing these innovative strategies, educators can enhance the effectiveness of biosciences instruction and better prepare students for the complexities and challenges of the biosciences field in the 21st century.


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